Precious Metals Mining in Australia to 2020

Australia is one of the world’s major producers and exporters of precious metals with production of 8.5 million ounces of gold, 64.9 million ounces of silver and 11.5 million carats of diamond in 2013. Gold and diamond reserves are found mainly in the state of Western Australia, while the main silver reserves are in Queensland, South Australia and the Northern Territory.

Scope

GlobalData's 'Precious Metals Mining in Australia to 2020' report contains an overview of the Australian precious metals mining industry together with the key growth factors and restraints affecting the country’s precious metals mining industry. It also provides detailed information about production, prices, reserves, reserves by region, competitive landscape, major active, exploration and development projects and trade. Also included is the country's fiscal regime, which includes governing bodies and relevant laws, rights and obligations of the mining companies, as well as key fiscal terms.

Key Highlights

• Western Australia accounted for more than 70% of country’s total gold and diamond production in 2013. Gold reserves are mostly found in the Olympic Dam in South Australia, Cadia East in New South Wales, and Boddington and Telfer in Western Australia.

• Australia exported 282,100 ounces of gold in 2012 mainly to India, the UK and Thailand. In 2013, diamond exports reached 11.6 million carats.

• The potential for growth in the country’s precious metals mining industry is backed by upcoming and expansion projects, plentiful reserves and resources and growing demand from consuming countries such as China, India, Hong Kong and other Asian countries.

Reasons to buy

To gain an understanding of the Australian precious metals mining industry, the relevant drivers and restraining factors, historical and forecast production and trade data and the fiscal regime.

Companies mentioned

Newmont Mining Corporation, Barrick Gold Corporation, Newcrest Mining Limited, Glencore Xstrata Plc, BHP Billiton Limited, Rio Tinto Limited

Table of Contents

1 Executive Summary 1

2 Precious Metals Mining in Australia 7

2.1 Country Overview 7

2.2 Mining Overview 7

2.3 Precious Metal Mining in Australia – Drivers 8

2.4 Precious Metals Mining in Australia – Restraints 9

3 Gold Mining in Australia – Production, Consumption, Reserves and Trade 10

3.1 Reserves by Geographic Regions 10

3.2 Historical and Forecast Production 12

3.2.1 Total Production, by Region/State/Basin 15

3.3 Gold Prices 17

3.4 Total Production by Major Mines 18

3.5 Total Production by Mining Method 19

3.6 Major Exploration and Development Projects 19

3.7 Export to Destination Countries 21

3.8 Demand Drivers 22

3.8.1 Increasing Demand for Gold from Asian Countries 22

3.8.2 Demand for Gold vs. Final Uses 22

4 Silver Mining in Australia – Production, Consumption, Reserves and Trade 24

4.1 Reserves by Geographic Regions 24

4.2 Historical and Forecast Production 24

4.2.1 Total Production by Region, State or Basin 26

4.3 Silver Prices 27

4.4 Total Production by Major Mines 29

4.5 Total Production by Mining Method 29

4.6 Major Exploration and Development Projects 30

4.7 Demand Drivers 32

4.7.1 Increasing Demand for Silver 32

5 Diamond Mining in Australia – Production, Consumption, Reserves and Trade 33

5.1 Reserves by Geographic Regions 33

5.2 Historical and Forecast Production 33

5.3 Total Production by Region, State or Basin 35

5.4 Total Production by Major Mines 36

5.5 Total Production by Mining Method 36

5.6 Major Exploration and Development Projects 36

5.7 Rough Diamond Exports 37

6 Competitive Landscape 39

6.1 Newmont Mining Corporation 39

6.2 Barrick Gold Corporation 40

6.3 Newcrest Mining Limited 42

6.4 Glencore Xstrata Plc 44

6.5 BHP Billiton Limited 45

6.6 Rio Tinto Limited 46

7 Fiscal Regime 48

7.1 The Australian Mining Industry – Governing Bodies 48

7.1.1 National level 48

7.1.2 State/Territory Involvement 49

7.1.3 New South Wales 49

7.1.4 Northern Territory 49

7.1.5 Queensland 50

7.1.6 South Australia 50

7.1.7 Tasmania 50

7.1.8 Victoria 50

7.1.9 Western Australia 50

7.2 The Australian Mining Industry – Governing Laws 51

7.2.1 Offshore Legislation 51

7.2.2 Onshore legislation 51

7.2.3 Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Act 1998 53

7.2.4 Nuclear Non-Proliferation (Safeguards) Act 1987 53

7.3 The Australian Mining Industry – Rights and Obligations 54

7.3.1 Rights 54

7.3.2 Obligations 54

7.4 Australia, Key Fiscal Terms 54

7.4.1 Royalty 54

7.4.2 Minerals Resource Rent Tax (MRRT) 58

7.4.3 MRRT Allowance 58

7.4.4 Corporate Income tax 58

7.4.5 Capital Gains 59

7.4.6 Deductions 59

7.4.7 Depreciation 59

7.4.8 Withholding Tax 59

7.4.9 Loss Carry Forward 59

7.4.10 Loss Carry Back Offset 59

7.4.11 Goods and Services Tax 60

8 Appendix 61

8.1 What is this Report About? 61

8.2 Methodology 61

8.3 Secondary Research 61

8.4 Primary Research 62

8.5 Contact GlobalData 62

8.6 About GlobalData 62

8.7 GlobalData’s Services 63

8.8 Disclaimer 64

List of Tables

Table 1: Gold Mining in Australia – Mine Production (Thousand Ounces), 2000–2020 14

Table 2: Gold Mining in Australia – Major Active Mines, 2013 18

Table 3: Gold Mining in Australia – Major Exploration Projects, 2013 19

Table 4: Gold Mining in Australia – Major Development Projects, 2013 20

Table 5: Gold Mining in Australia – Export to Region and Destination Countries (Tons), 2013 22

Table 6: Silver Mining in Australia – Mine Production (Thousand Ounces), 2000–2020 26

Table 7: Silver Mining in Australia – Major Active Mines, 2013 29

Table 8: Silver Mining in Australia – Major Exploration Projects, 2013 30

Table 9: Silver Mining in Australia – Major Development Projects, 2013 31

Table 10: Diamond Mining in Australia – Rough Diamond Production (Million Carats), 2000–2020 35

Table 11: Diamond Mining in Australia – Major Active Mines, 2013 36

Table 12: Diamond Mining in Australia – Rough Diamond Exports (Thousand Carats), 2004–2020 38

Table 13: Precious Metals Mining in Australia – Newmont Mining Corporation, Major Projects , 2013 40

Table 14: Precious Metals Mining in Australia – Barrick Gold Corporation, Major Projects , 2013 42

Table 15: Precious Metals Mining in Australia – Newcrest Mining Limited, Major Projects , 2013 43

Table 16: Precious Metals Mining in Australia – Glencore Xstrataplc, Major Projects , 2013 45

Table 17: Precious Metals Mining in Australia – BHP Billiton Limited, Major Projects , 2013 46

Table 18: Precious Metals Mining in Australia – Rio Tinto Limited, Major Projects , 2013 47

Table 19: The Mining Industry in Australia – Queensland Royalty Rates (% and AUD), 2014 55

Table 20: The Mining Industry in Australia – Queensland Mining Fees (AUD), 2014 55

Table 21: The Mining Industry in Australia – Western Australia Ad Valorem Royalty Rates (%), 2014 56

Table 22: The Mining Industry in Australia – South Australia Royalty Rates (%), 2014 56

Table 23: The Mining Industry in Australia – South Australia Annual Rents (AUD), 2014 57

Table 24: The Mining Industry in Australia – South Australia Mining Fees (AUD), 2014 57

Table 25: The Mining Industry in Australia – Depreciation Rates (%), 2014 59

List of Figures

Figure 1: Australian Gold Resources (Tons) – (1995–2012) 11

Figure 2: Australian Gold Deposits 12

Figure 3: Gold Mining in Australia – Mine Production (Thousand Ounces), 2000–2020 13

Figure 4: Australian Gold Mines 15

Figure 5: Gold Mining in Australia – Gold Mine Production, Western Australia (1892–2012) 16

Figure 6: Gold Mining in Australia – Production by Region (%), 2012–2013 16

Figure 7: World Nominal Gold Prices – US$/oz (Jan 2013 – March 2014) 17

Figure 8: Gold Mining in Australia – Exports to Destination Countries* (%), 2013 21

Figure 9: Australian Refined Gold Exports to China (Tons) – September 2011 to December 2013 23

Figure 10: Silver Mining in Australia – Mine Production (Thousand Ounces), 2000–2020 25

Figure 11: Silver Mining in Australia – Production by Region (%), 2012–2013 27

Figure 12: World Nominal Silver Prices – US$/oz (Jan 2013 – March 2014) 28

Figure 13: Chinese Silver Imports (Tons) – September 2011–September 2013 32

Figure 14: Diamond Mining in Australia – Rough Diamond Production (Million Carats), 2000–2020 34

Figure 15: Diamond Mining in Australia – Rough Diamond Exports (Thousand Carats), 2004–2020 37

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