Global Coal Mining to 2020

Globally, coal is mainly produced in six countries, collectively accounting for 81.1% of global production in 2014. Coal mine production was an estimated 7,858.9 million tonnes (Mt) in 2014; lower by 0.3% over 2013. Over the forecast period, global coal mine production is projected to grow moderately at a CAGR of 1.6% to 8,603.9Mt in 2020. This is mainly attributed to Chinese production, which is projected to reach 3.9 billion tonnes in 2015. The Chinese government has taken various measures to support domestic production, such as a reduction in provincial level fees and charges, imposing tax on thermal and coking coal imports of 3% and 6% respectively and a reduction in export tax from 10% to 3%.

In India, the government plans to quickly increase coal production and allow private investments in the industry. The Russian government invested US$7 million to support the coal mining industry in 2014, as well as to increase the use of coal from 25% in 2014 to 27% in 2020. There are also number of upcoming projects – located mainly in India, Australia, South Africa, the UK, Canada and the US which will support production over the forecast period.

Global coal consumption was an estimated 7,558.9Mt in 2014; down by 62Mt over 2013. Consumption increased year on year during the historic period (2000 to 2013) and at the end of the forecast period 2015 to 2020, consumption is expected to increase to 8,506.9Mt. In 2014, Australia, Indonesia, Russia, the US, Colombia and South Africa were the world’s top exporters of coal.

Scope

• Analysis of the competitive landscape of the global coal mining market.

• An analysis of the coal reserves of the top five ranking regions.

• Insight on historic and forecast consumption as well as consumption by sector.

• Detail on major exporting and importing countries.

• Information on the key active, exploration and development projects by region including: Asia-Pacific, Europe, Middle East and Africa, North America, South and Central America, and Oceania.

• Data on the reserves, annual production and revenues of the leading global coal producing companies.

Key Highlights

Which country has the largest proportion of global coal reserves? What percentage is this of the global total and how many billion tonnes does this represent? Which countries take up the remaining places in the top six rankings for coal reserves?

By what percentage did global thermal and coking coal prices decline in 2014, as compared to the previous year? How was this reflected in the average price of low volatile hard coking coal? Which two factors had a negative impact on global demand?

Why is coal gradually losing its significance in the electricity sector? How is consumption expected to decline in the long term? What is forecast to play an increasing role in supplying the needs of this sector?

Reasons to buy

• Analyze the competitive landscape of the global coal mining industry and utilize GlobalData insight to inform your operations.

• Identify the key drivers in the global coal market and align your strategies to those which offer you the best chance to develop market share.

• Investigate intelligence on coal reserves, as well as historic and forecast production, to ensure your operations are efficiently targeted whilst also remaining cost-effective.

• Assess insight on major coal exporting and importing countries to plan your future interventions in the market.

• Evaluate the key trends to exploit the opportunities that will deliver you the best revenue ratio on your investment.

• Benchmark your operations against the leading companies in the global coal mining industry and seek to maintain your competitive edge.

Companies mentioned

Coal India Ltd, China Shenhua Energy Company Ltd, Peabody Energy Corporation , Glencore Plc

Table of Contents

1 Executive Summary 1

2 Global Coal Mining – Reserves, Production, Consumption and Trade 5

2.1 Reserves by Geographical Region and Grade 5

2.1.1 A typical proximate analysis of various coals 6

2.1.2 Reserves by mines 7

2.1.3 Reserves by geographic region – the US 8

2.1.4 Reserves by geographical region – Russia 8

2.1.5 Reserves by geographic region – China 9

2.1.6 Reserves by geographic region – Australia 9

2.1.7 Reserves by geographic region – Indonesia 10

2.2 Historical and Forecast Production 11

2.2.1 Total production by country 14

2.2.2 Total Production by grade 15

2.2.3 Total Production by type 16

2.3 Active Mines 18

2.4 Exploration and Development Projects 23

2.5 Coal Consumption 33

2.5.1 Consumption by type 33

2.5.2 Domestic consumption by sector 35

2.6 Major Exporting and Importing Countries 36

2.6.1 Major exporting countries 36

2.6.2 Major importing countries 37

2.7 Factors Affecting Demand 38

2.7.1 Reduced dependence on coal due to a global shift in preferences for energy sources 38

2.7.2 Increasing steel production 40

3 Major Global Coal Producers 41

3.1 Coal India Ltd 42

3.2 China Shenhua Energy Company Ltd (CSEC) 44

3.3 Peabody Energy Corporation 45

3.4 Glencore Plc 46

4 Appendix 47

4.1 Abbreviations 47

4.2 Bibliography 47

4.3 Secondary Research 47

4.4 Primary Research 47

4.5 Contact GlobalData 48

4.6 About GlobalData 48

4.7 GlobalData’s Services 48

4.8 Disclaimer 50

List of Tables

Table 1: Global Coal Mining – Proven Reserves by Country (Million Tonnes), 2014 5

Table 2: Global Coal Mining – Proven Reserves by Region (Million Tonnes), 2014 6

Table 3: Global Coal Mining – Proximate Analysis of Various Coals 6

Table 4: Global Coal Mining – Reserves by Selected Mines (Million Tonnes), 2015 7

Table 5: Global Coal Mining – Coal Production (Million Tonnes), 2000–2020 13

Table 6: Global Coal Mining – Production by Grade, Anthracite, Bituminous and Lignite (Million Tonnes), 2000–2020 16

Table 7: Global Coal Mining – Production by Type, Steam and Coking (Million Tonnes), 2000–2020 17

Table 8: Global Coal Mining – Active Projects (Asia-Pacific), 2015 18

Table 9: Global Coal Mining – Active Projects (Europe), 2015 19

Table 10: Global Coal Mining – Active Projects (Middle East and Africa), 2015 20

Table 11: Global Coal Mining – Active Projects (North America), 2015 21

Table 12: Global Coal Mining – Active Projects (South and Central America), 2015 21

Table 13: Global Coal Mining – Active Projects (Oceania), 2015 22

Table 14: Global Coal Mining – Active Projects (Former Soviet Union), 2015 22

Table 15: Global Coal Mining – Exploration Projects (Asia-Pacific), 2015 23

Table 16: Global Coal Mining – Exploration Projects (Europe), 2015 23

Table 17: Global Coal Mining – Exploration Projects (Middle East and Africa), 2015 24

Table 18: Global Coal Mining – Exploration Projects (North America), 2015 25

Table 19: Global Coal Mining – Exploration Projects (South and Central America), 2015 25

Table 20: Global Coal Mining – Exploration Projects (Oceania), 2015 26

Table 21: Global Coal Mining – Development Projects (Asia-Pacific), 2015 27

Table 22: Global Coal Mining – Development Projects (Europe), 2015 28

Table 23: Global Coal Mining – Development Projects (Middle East and Africa), 2015 29

Table 24: Global Coal Mining – Development Projects (North America), 2015 30

Table 25: Global Coal Mining – Development Projects (South and Central America), 2015 30

Table 26: Global Coal Mining – Development Projects (Oceania), 2015 31

Table 27: Global Coal Mining – Development Projects (Former Soviet Union), 2015 32

Table 28: Global Coal Mining – Consumption by Type, Steam, Coking and Lignite (Million Tonnes), 2000–2020 34

Table 29: Global Coal Mining – Reserves, Annual Production and Revenues of Major Companies, 2014 41

Table 30: Global Coal Mining – Coal India Ltd, Major Projects, 2015 43

Table 31: Global Coal Mining – China Shenhua Energy Company Ltd, Major Projects, 2015 44

Table 32: Global Coal Mining – Peabody Energy Corporation, Major Projects, 2015 45

Table 33: Global Coal Mining – Glencore Plc, Major Projects, 2015 46

List of Figures

Figure 1: Global Coal Mining – Proven Reserves by Country (%), 2014 5

Figure 2: Global Coal Mining – Proven Reserves by Region (%), 2014 6

Figure 3: Global Coal Mining – Location of Coal Deposits in the US 8

Figure 4: Global Coal Mining – Location of Coal Deposits in China 9

Figure 5: Global Coal Mining – Location of Black and Brown Coal Deposits in Australia 10

Figure 6: Global Coal Mining – Coal Mine Production vs Thermal and Coking Coal Prices, 2000–2020 12

Figure 7: Global Coal Mining – Global Coal Prices (US$/Tonne), 2000–2014 13

Figure 8: Global Coal Mining – Production by Country (Million Tonnes), 2004-2014 14

Figure 9: Global Coal Mining – Production by Grade, Anthracite, Bituminous and Lignite (Million Tonnes), 2000–2020 15

Figure 10: Global Coal Mining – Production by Type, Steam and Coking (Million Tonnes), 2000–2020 17

Figure 11: Global Coal Mining – Consumption by Type, Steam, Coking and Lignite (Million Tonnes), 2000–2020 34

Figure 12: Global Coal Mining –Coal Consumption* by Sector (Million Tonnes), 2014 35

Figure 13: Global Coal Mining – Major Exporters of Coal (Million Tonnes), 2010–2014 36

Figure 14: Global Coal Mining – Major Importers of Coal (Million Tonnes), 2010–2014 37

Figure 15: Global Coal Mining – Global Trade of Coal Map#, 2014 37

Figure 16: Global Coal Mining – Global Electricity Generation from Coal by Major Countries (TWh), 2012–2014 39

Figure 17: Global Coal Mining – Global Electricity Generation from Coal by Region (TWh), 2013–2014 39

Figure 18: Global Coal Mining – Crude Steel Production by Region (Million Tonnes), 2010–2014 40

Figure 19: Global Coal Mining – Coal Production by Major Companies (Million Tonnes), 2014 41

Figure 20: Global Coal Mining – Coal Consumption by Sector (%), 2014 42

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