Coal Mining in China to 2020

In terms of coal reserves, China had the third-largest proven reserves of coal globally, with 114.5 billion tonnes (Bnt), or 12.8% of the total, in 2014. Inner Mongolia and Shanxi are the two largest provinces for coal, although Shaanxi, Xinjiang and Guizhou also have reserves.

Scope

GlobalData's 'Coal Mining in China to 2020' report contains an overview of the coal mining industry in China together with the key demand drivers affecting the industry. It provides information about reserves, historic and forecast production and consumption to 2020, production by grade and type, consumption by type, coal imports by type, competitive landscape, fiscal regime and key active, exploration and development projects.

Key Highlights

• Chinese coal production increased rapidly from 1,383.5 million tonnes (Mt) in 2000 to 3,680Mt in 2013, ranking third globally. However, production decreased for the first time in 2014 to an estimated 3,590Mt, down by 2.4% over the previous year.

• China had the third largest proven reserves of coal globally, at 114.5Bnt at the end of 2014. Anthracite and bituminous accounted for 62.2Bnt followed by sub-bituminous and lignite at 52.3Bnt.

• According to the Chinese National Bureau of Statistics, the majority of the reserves are found in the northern provinces of Inner Mongolia and Shanxi while other provinces with reserves include Shaanxi, Xinjiang and Guizhou.

Reasons to buy

To gain an understanding of the coal mining industry in China, its reserves, historic and forecast production split by grade and type to 2020, consumption also split by type to 2020, coal imports and by type to 2020, competitive landscape, fiscal regime and key active, exploration and development projects.

Companies mentioned

China Coal Energy Co. Ltd, China Shenhua Energy Co. Ltd

Table of Contents

1 Executive Summary 1

2 Reserves, Production, Consumption and Trade 6

2.1 Reserves by Province 6

2.1.1 Global proven reserves of coal – by country 8

2.2 Historic and Forecast Production 9

2.3 Total Production by Grade and Type 11

2.3.1 Total production by grade – bituminous, anthracite and lignite 11

2.3.2 Production by type – non-coking and coking 13

2.4 Coal Prices 15

2.5 Active Mines 16

2.6 Exploration and Development Projects 17

2.7 Coal Consumption 18

2.7.1 Domestic consumption vs electricity generated from coal 18

2.7.2 Consumption by type – coking, steam and lignite 20

2.8 Coal Imports 22

2.8.1 Imports by type 22

2.8.2 Imports by country 24

2.9 Energy Transition Likely to Reduce dependence on Coal In The Long Run 25

3 Competitive Landscape 27

3.1 China Coal Energy Co. Ltd. 27

3.2 China Shenhua Energy Co. Ltd 28

4 Fiscal Regime 29

4.1 The Chinese Mining Industry – Governing Bodies 29

4.1.1 State Council 29

4.2 The Chinese Mining Industry – Governing Laws 29

4.2.1 Mineral Resources Law 29

4.2.2 Land Administration Law 30

4.2.3 Law on Coal Industry 30

4.2.4 Law on Safety in Mines 30

4.2.5 Environmental Protection Law 30

4.3 The Chinese Mining Industry – Mining Licenses and Ownership 30

4.3.1 Ownership of Minerals 30

4.3.2 Exploration and mining license 30

4.3.3 Establishment of Coal Mining Enterprise 31

4.4 The Chinese Mining Industry – Mining Rights and Obligations 31

4.4.1 Rights 31

4.4.2 Obligations 32

4.5 The Chinese Mining Industry – Key Fiscal Terms 32

4.5.1 Royalty 32

4.5.2 Resource Tax 32

4.5.3 Urban and Township Tax 32

4.5.4 Land Appreciation Tax 33

4.5.5 Enterprise Resource Tax 33

4.5.6 Export Tariff 33

4.5.7 Vehicle and Vessel Usage Tax 33

4.5.8 City Maintenance and Construction Tax 34

4.5.9 Stamp Tax 34

4.5.10 Depreciation 34

4.5.11 Deductions 34

4.5.12 Loss Carry Forward 35

4.5.13 Capital Gain Tax (CGT) 35

4.5.14 Business Tax 35

4.5.15 Withholding Tax 35

4.5.16 Value Added Tax (VAT) 35

4.5.17 Tax Incentives 35

5 Appendix 36

5.1 Abbreviations 36

5.2 Secondary Research 36

5.3 Primary Research 36

5.4 Contact GlobalData 37

5.5 About GlobalData 37

5.6 GlobalData’s Services 37

5.7 Disclaimer 38

List of Tables

Table 1: Coal Mining in China – Proven Reserves by Country (Million Tonnes), 2014 8

Table 2: Coal Mining in China – Coal Production (Million Tonnes), 2000–2020 10

Table 3: Coal Mining in China – Total Production by Grade Bituminous, Anthracite and Lignite (Million Tonnes), 2000–2020 12

Table 4: Coal Mining in China – Total Production by Type: Coking and Non-Coking (Million Tonnes), 2000–2020 14

Table 5: Coal Mining in China – Active Mines, 2015 16

Table 6: Coal Mining in China – Exploration Projects, 2015 17

Table 7: Coal Mining in China – Development Projects, 2015 17

Table 8: Coal Mining in China – Coal Consumption by Sector (Million Tonnes), 2000–2020 19

Table 9: Coal Mining in China – Domestic Consumption by Type (Million Tonnes), 2000–2020 21

Table 10: Coal Mining in China – Imports by Type (Million Tonnes), 2000–2020 23

Table 11: Coal Mining in China – Import by Region and Country (Million Tonnes), 2004–2014 24

Table 12: Coal Mining in China – China Coal Energy Co. Ltd, Major Projects, 2015 27

Table 13: Coal Mining in China – China Shenhua Energy Company Ltd, Major Projects, 2015 28

Table 14: The Mining Industry in China – Urban and Township Tax (CNY), 2014 32

Table 15: The Mining Industry in China – Land Appreciation Tax (%), 2014 33

Table 16: The Mining Industry in China – Export Tariff Rates from 2015, (%) 33

Table 17: The Mining Industry in China – Stamp Tax Schedule and Tax Rates (%), 2014 34

Table 18: The Mining Industry in China – Depreciation (Years), 2014 34

Table 19: The Mining Industry in China – Business Tax (%), 2014 35

List of Figures

Figure 1: Coal Mining in China – Coal Reserves by Province (%), 2014 6

Figure 2: Coal Mining in China – Location of Coal Reserves 7

Figure 3: Coal Mining in China – Proven Reserves by Country (%), 2014 8

Figure 4: Coal Mining in China – Coal Production (Million Tonnes), 2000–2020 10

Figure 5: Coal Mining in China – Total Production by Grade, Bituminous, Anthracite and Lignite (Million Tonnes), 2000–2020 11

Figure 6: Coal Mining in China – Total Production by Type – Non Coking Coal*and Coking (Million Tonnes), 2000–2020 13

Figure 7: Coal Mining in China – Coal Prices (US$/Tonne), December 2012–March 2015 15

Figure 8: Coal Mining in China – Coal Consumption by Sector (Million Tonnes) vs Electricity Generation, (Billion Kilowatthours), 2000–2020 18

Figure 9: Coal Mining in China – Domestic Consumption by Type (Million Tonnes), 2000–2020 20

Figure 10: Coal Mining in China – Imports by Type (Million Tonnes), 2000–2020 22

Figure 11: Coal Mining in China – Imports by Country (%), 2014 24

Figure 12: Coal Mining in China – Electricity Generation by Region 26

Figure 13: Coal Mining in China – Chinese Installed Electricity Capacity (GW), 2015 26

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