Coal Mining in Turkey to 2020

Turkey has 60 different types of mineral, and is among the world’s 10 leading countries in terms of mineral variety. Its coal industry produced 79.3 million tonnes (Mt) in 2013, a decrease of 7.9% over 2012. Around 40% of Turkey's lignite reserves are located in the Afşin-Elbistan basin of south-east Anatolia, while hard coal is mined only in one location: the Zonguldak basin of north-west Turkey.

Scope

The report contains an overview of Turkey's coal mining industry together with the key growth factors and restraints affecting the industry. Further, it provides information about reserves, production, prices, consumption, trade, competitive landscape, major active and the mining fiscal regime of the country.

Key Highlights

• Around 40% of Turkey's lignite reserves are located in the Afşin-Elbistan basin of south-east Anatolia, while hard coal is mined only in one location: the Zonguldak basin of north-west Turkey.

• During 2000–2012, domestic coal consumption increased substantially, mainly due to the rising demand for power.

• According to the Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources, total potential coal reserves in the country were 15.4 billion tons (bt) in 2013 and exploration activities resulted in an increase in lignite reserves from 8.3bt in 2013 to 14.1bt in January 2014, an increase of 5.8bt.

• The reserves are of low heating value of 1,000–1,500 kilocalories per kilogram (kcal/kg), and low-calorific-value lignite (below 2,000kcal/kg) accounts for approximately 70% of the country’s lignite reserves.

Reasons to buy

Gain an understanding of Turkey's coal mining industry, the relevant drivers and restraining factors, reserves, historical and forecast production, consumption, trade and the fiscal regime.

Companies mentioned

Turkiye Komur Isletmeleri Kurumu

Elektrik Uretim

Turkiye Taskomuru Kurumu

Table of Contents

1 Executive Summary

2 Coal Mining in Turkey

2.1 Country Overview

2.2 Mining Overview

2.3 Coal Mining in Turkey – Drivers

2.4 Coal Mining in Turkey – Restraints

3 Coal Mining In Turkey – Reserves, Production, Consumption and Trade

3.1 Reserves by Grade and Geographical Location

3.2 Historical and Forecast Production

3.2.1 Total Production by Grade

3.2.2 Total production by type

3.2.3 Total production by mining method

3.3 Coal Prices

3.4 Competitive Landscape

3.4.1 Turkiye Komur Isletmeleri Kurumu (TKI)

3.4.2 Elektrik Uretim (Electricity Generation Company)

3.4.3 Turkiye Taskomuru Kurumu (TTK)

3.5 Total Production by Major Mines

3.6 Major Exploration and Development Projects

3.7 Coal Consumption and Trade

3.7.1 Total consumption by type

3.7.2 Total imports by type

3.7.3 Imports by country of origin

3.8 Demand Drivers

3.8.1 Demand for coal in major countries

4 Fiscal Regime

4.1 The Turkish Mining Industry – Governing Body

4.1.1 Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources

4.2 The Turkish Mining Industry – Governing Law

4.3 The Turkish Mining Industry – Mining Ownership and License Types

4.3.1 Ownership of Minerals

4.3.2 Mining License

4.3.3 Exploration License

4.3.4 Operation License

4.3.5 Operation Permit

4.4 The Turkish Mining Industry – Mining Rights and Obligations

4.4.1 Rights

4.4.2 Obligations

4.5 The Turkish Mining Industry – Key Fiscal Terms

4.5.1 Duties and Security Deposit (Guarantee Fee)

4.5.2 Royalty Rates

4.5.3 Corporate Tax

4.5.4 Capital Gains Tax

4.5.5 Loss Carry Forward

4.5.6 Property Tax

4.5.7 Withholding Tax

4.5.8 Tax Incentives

4.5.9 Stamp Duty

4.5.10 Motor Vehicle Tax

4.5.11 Depreciation Tax

4.5.12 Value Added Tax (VAT)

5 Appendix

5.1 What is This Report About?

5.2 Methodology

5.3 Secondary Research

5.4 Primary Research

5.5 Contact GlobalData

5.6 About GlobalData

5.7 GlobalData’s Services

5.8 Disclaimer

List of Tables

Table 1: Distribution of New-found Lignite Reserves by Region – January 2014

Table 2: Typical Proximate Analysis of Turkish Lignite

Table 3: Typical Proximate Analysis of Various Coals

Table 4: Coal Mining in Turkey – Total Production by Grade – Bituminous and Lignite (Million Metric Tons), 2000–2020

Table 5: Coal Mining in Turkey – Total Production by Type – Steam, Lignite and Coking Coal (Million Metric Tons), 2000–2020

Table 6: Coal Mining in Turkey – Electricity Generation Company, Major Projects, 2014

Table 7: Coal Mining in Turkey – Turkiye Taskomuru Kurumu, Major Projects, 2014

Table 8: Coal Mining in Turkey – Major Active Mines (Million Metric Tons), 2014

Table 9: Coal Mining in Turkey – Total Consumption by Type – Steam, Lignite and Coking Coal (Million Metric Tons), 2000–2020

Table 10: Coal Mining in Turkey – Coal Consumption by Sector – Power Generation, Industry and Others (Million Metric Tons), 2000–2020

Table 11: Coal Mining in Turkey – Coal Imports by Type (Million Metric Tons), 2000–2020

Table 12: Coal Mining in Turkey – Import by Region and Country of Origin (Million Metric Tons), 2013

Table 13: The Mining Industry in Turkey – Withholding Tax Rates (%), 2014

Table 14: The Mining Industry in Turkey – Depreciation Tax Rates (%), 2014

List of Figures

Figure 1: Location of Hard Coal and Lignite Deposits in Turkey

Figure 2: Coal Mining in Turkey – Total Production by Grade – Bituminous and Lignite (Million Metric Tons), 2000–2020

Figure 3: Coal Mining in Turkey – Total Production by Type – Steam, Lignite and Coking Coal (Million Metric Tons), 2000–2020

Figure 4: Coal Mining in Turkey – Northwest Europe Marker Prices (US$/Metric Ton), 2000–2013

Figure 5: Coal Mining in Turkey – Location of Turkiye Komur Isletmeleri Kurumu (TKI), Coal Reserves

Figure 6: Coal Mining in Turkey – Total Consumption by Type – Lignite, Steam and Coking Coal (Million Metric Tons), 2000–2020

Figure 7: Coal Mining in Turkey – Coal Consumption by Sector – Power Generation and Industry (Million Metric Tons), 2000–2020

Figure 8: Coal Mining in Turkey – Coal Imports by Type (Million Metric Tons), 2000–2020

Figure 9: Coal Mining in Turkey – Imports from Country of Origin (%), 2013

Figure 10: Chinese Coal Imports (Metric Tons), 2009–2013

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