Coal Mining in Kazakhstan to 2020

Kazakhstan is a robust and propitious emerging market for natural resources. In 2013, the country’s total coal production appreciated by 7.1%, compared to 2012. In terms of total coal resources Kazakhstan ranked sixth in the world and occupied eighth position in terms of number of coal deposits spread across the country. Over 2014−2020, Kazakhstan is expected to produce an average of 141.1 million tons (Mt) of coal annually.

Scope

GlobalData's 'Coal Mining in Kazakhstan to 2020' report contains an overview of Kazakhstan's coal mining industry together with the key growth factors and restraints affecting the country’s coal mining industry. It also provides detailed information about reserves, reserves by regions, production, production by grade, prices, competitive landscape, major active, exploration and development projects, consumption and trade. Also included is the country's fiscal regime, which includes governing bodies and relevant laws, mining rights and obligations as well as key fiscal terms.

Key Highlights

• Coal is mined from the Karaganda, Ekibastuz and Maykubinsky basins, as well as the Kushokinskoe, Borlinskoe, Shubarkol and Karazhyrinskoe fields.

• Kazakhstan’s mining sector is expected to undergo some changes to its mining laws in order to attract foreign investors and these include tax benefits for foreign companies, commencing July 2014.

• In the fourth quarter of 2012, the government outlined plans to invest US$63 billion over the next two decades to increase the nation’s power generating capacity by 62%.

Reasons to buy

To gain an understanding of Kazakhstan's coal mining industry, the relevant drivers and restraining factors, reserves, historical and forecast production, consumption, trade and the fiscal regime.

Companies mentioned

ArselorMittalTemirtau, Bogatyr Coal, LLP, Eurasian Energy Corporation

Table of Contents

1 Executive Summary 1

2 Coal Mining in kazakhstan 6

2.1 Country Overview 6

2.2 Mining Overview 6

2.3 Coal Mining in Kazakhstan – Drivers 7

2.4 Coal Mining in Kazakhstan – Restraints 7

2.5 Coal Mining in Kazakhstan – Upcoming Projects 8

3 Coal Mining in Kazakhstan – Production, Consumption, Reserves and Trade 9

3.1 Reserves by Grades and Geographical Regions 9

3.2 Historical and Forecast Production 9

3.3 Total Production by Grade 11

3.3.1 Total Production by Grade – Bituminous 11

3.3.2 Total Production by Grade – Lignite 12

3.4 Total Production by Type 13

3.4.1 Total Production by Type – Steam, Coking and Lignite 13

3.5 Total Production by Region/State/Basin 15

3.6 Coal Prices 16

3.7 Competitive Landscape 17

3.7.1 ArcelorMittal Temirtau 17

3.7.2 Bogatyr Coal, LLP 18

3.7.3 Eurasian Energy Corporation JSC 18

3.8 Total Production by Major Mines 19

3.9 Total Production by Mining Method 20

3.10 Coal Consumption and Trade 20

3.10.1 Total Consumption by Type – Non-Coking 20

3.10.2 Total Consumption by Type – Coking 20

3.11 Domestic Consumption vs. Exports 23

3.11.1 Export to Global Markets 24

3.11.2 Exports by Type – Steam Coal 25

3.11.3 Imports by Source 27

3.12 Demand for Coal in Major Economies 27

4 Fiscal Regime 30

4.1 The Kazakh Mining Industry – Governing Bodies 30

4.1.1 Ministry of Industry and New Technology 30

4.1.2 Ministry of Economic Development and Trade 30

4.1.3 Ministry of Environment Protection 30

4.1.4 Kazakhstan Atomic Energy Committee (KAEC) 30

4.2 The Kazakh Mining Industry – Governing Laws 31

4.2.1 Law of Subsoil and Subsoil Use 31

4.2.2 Law on Atomic Energy Use 31

4.2.3 Law on Radiation Safety of Population 31

4.3 The Kazakh Mining Industry – Mining Ownership and Licensing Methods 32

4.3.1 Mining Ownership 32

4.3.2 Licensing Type 32

4.3.3 Duration and Area 32

4.4 The Kazakh Mining Industry – Mining Rights and Obligations 33

4.4.1 Rights 33

4.4.2 Obligations 33

4.5 The Kazakh Mining Industry – Key Fiscal Terms 34

4.5.1 Upfront Payments and Taxes on Subsurface Usage 34

4.5.2 Corporate Income Tax (CIT) 35

4.5.3 Capital Gains Tax 35

4.5.4 Land Tax 36

4.5.5 Social (Payroll) Tax 36

4.5.6 Vehicle Tax 36

4.5.7 Deductions 36

4.5.8 Depreciation 36

4.5.9 Loss Carry Forward 36

4.5.10 Withholding Taxes 37

4.5.11 Value Added Tax (VAT) 37

5 Appendix 38

5.1 What is this Report About? 38

5.2 Methodology 38

5.3 Secondary Research 38

5.4 Primary Research 38

5.5 Contact GlobalData 39

5.6 About GlobalData 39

5.7 GlobalData’s Services 39

5.8 Disclaimer 41

List of Tables

Table 1: Coal Mining in Kazakhstan – Total Production (Million Tons), 2000–2020 11

Table 2: Coal Mining in Kazakhstan – Total Production by Grade, Bituminous and Lignite (Million Tons), 2000–2020 13

Table 3: Coal Mining in Kazakhstan – Total Production by Type, Steam, Coking and Lignite (Million Tons), 2000–2020 15

Table 4: Coal Mining in Kazakhstan – Coal Production by Region/State/Basin (Thousand Tons), 2012−2014 16

Table 5: Coal Mining in Kazakhstan – ArcelorMittal Temirtau, Major Projects 17

Table 6: Coal Mining in Kazakhstan – Bogatyr Coal LLP, Major Projects 18

Table 7: Coal Mining in Kazakhstan – Eurasian Energy Corporation JSC, Major Projects 18

Table 8: Coal Mining in Kazakhstan – Major Active Mines 19

Table 9: Coal Mining in Kazakhstan – Total Consumption by Type, Steam, Lignite and Coking Coal (Million Tons), 2000–2020 22

Table 10: Coal Mining in Kazakhstan – Consumption vs. Exports (Million Tons), 2000–2020 24

Table 11: Coal Mining in Kazakhstan – Export to Region and Destination Countries (Million Tons), 2013 25

Table 12: Coal Mining in Kazakhstan – Exports by Type, Steam, Coking and Lignite Coal (Million Tons), 2001–2020 26

Table 13: Coal Mining in Kazakhstan – Demand for Coal in Major Economies (Million Tons), 2013 28

Table 14: The Mining Industry in Kazakhstan – Tax on Production of Useful Minerals (%), 2014 35

Table 15: The Mining Industry in Kazakhstan – Excess Profit Tax Rates (%), 2014 35

Table 16: The Mining Industry in Kazakhstan – Transportation Tax Rates (%), 2014 36

Table 17: The Mining Industry in Kazakhstan – Depreciation Groups and Rates (%), 2014 36

Table 18: The Mining Industry in Kazakhstan – Withholding Tax Rates (%), 2014 37

List of Figures

Figure 1: Coal Mining in Kazakhstan – Total Production (Million Tons), 2000–2020 10

Figure 2: Coal Mining in Kazakhstan – Total Production by Grade, Bituminous and Lignite (Million Tons), 2000–2020 12

Figure 3: Coal Mining in Kazakhstan – Total Production by Type, Steam, Coking and Lignite (Million Tons), 2000–2020 14

Figure 4: Coal Mining in Kazakhstan – Asian Marker Coal Prices (US$/Ton), 2000–2012 16

Figure 5: Coal Mining in Kazakhstan – Total Consumption by Type, Steam, Lignite and Coking Coal (Million Tons), 2000–2020 21

Figure 6: Coal Mining in Kazakhstan – Domestic Consumption vs. Exports (Million Tons), 2000–2020 23

Figure 7: Coal Mining in Kazakhstan – Export to Destination Countries (%), 2013 25

Figure 8: Coal Mining in Kazakhstan – Steam Coal Production vs. Exports (Million Tons), 2001–2020 26

Figure 9: Coal Mining in Kazakhstan – Demand for Coal in Major Economies (Million Tons), 2013 28

Figure 10: Chinese Coal Imports (Tons), 2007–2013 29

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