Base Metals Mining in Kazakhstan to 2020

Kazakhstan’s estimated copper and zinc mine production in 2013 was 426,500 metric tons (hereafter 't’) and 324,000t respectively, with the majority originating from East Kazakhstan and Karagandy. Copper mine production is projected to increase over the forecast period, owing to the expansions and mine life extensions at the country’s existing mines.

Scope

The report contains an overview of Kazakhstan’s base metals mining industry, together with the key growth factors and restraints affecting the industry. Furthermore, it provides information about reserves, production, prices, consumption, trade, competitive landscape and major active, exploration and development projects. Also included is the country's fiscal regime, which includes governing bodies and relevant laws, mining rights and obligations, as well as key fiscal terms.

Key Highlights

• Kazakhstan’s estimated copper and zinc mine production in 2013 was 426,500 metric tons and 324,000t respectively, with the majority originating from East Kazakhstan and Karagandy.

• Kazakhstan’s base metal mining industry is mostly export-oriented, leaving a substantial amount for export and consuming very little.

• The country’s projected copper and zinc metal consumption in 2013 was 55,600t and 32,800t respectively, compared to the country’s projected copper and zinc ores and concentrates exports in the same year, which were 504,800t and 449,100t respectively.

• Kazakhstan’s two upcoming copper projects – Bozshakol and Aktogay, located in Northern and Eastern Kazakhstan respectively – are scheduled for commencement of operations.

Reasons to buy

Gain an understanding of Kazakhstan’s base metals mining industry, the relevant drivers and restraining factors, reserves, historical and forecast production, consumption, trade and the fiscal regime.

Companies mentioned

Kazakhmys Plc, Kazzinc Ltd

Table of Contents

1 Executive Summary 1

2 Base Metal Mining in Kazakhstan 6

2.1 Country Overview 6

2.2 Mining Overview 6

3 Base Metals Mining In Kazakhstan – Drivers and Restraints 7

3.1 Base Metals Mining In Kazakhstan – Drivers 7

3.2 Base Metals Mining In Kazakhstan – Restraints 8

3.3 Base Metals Mining In Kazakhstan – Upcoming Projects 8

4 Copper Mining In Kazakhstan – Reserves, Production, Consumption and Trade 9

4.1 Reserves by Grades and Geographic Regions 9

4.2 Historical and Forecast Production 10

4.3 Total Production by Region 11

4.4 Copper Prices 13

4.5 Total Production by Major Mines 14

4.6 Major Development Projects 14

4.7 Domestic Consumption vs Exports 15

4.7.1 Export to Destination Countries 17

4.8 Demand Drivers 18

5 Zinc Mining in Kazakhstan – Reserves, Production, Consumption and Trade 19

5.1 Reserves by Grades and Geographic Regions 19

5.2 Historical and Forecast Production 19

5.3 Total Production by State/Province 21

5.4 Zinc Prices 22

5.5 Total Production by Major Mines 23

5.6 Domestic Consumption vs Exports 24

5.6.1 Export to Destination Countries 26

5.7 Demand Drivers 27

6 Competitive Landscape 28

6.1 Kazakhmys Plc. 28

6.2 Kazzinc Ltd 29

7 Fiscal Regime 31

7.1 Kazakhstan’s Governing Bodies 31

7.1.1 Ministry of Industry and New Technology 31

7.1.2 Ministry of Economic Development and Trade 31

7.1.3 Ministry of Environment Protection 31

7.1.4 Kazakhstan Atomic Energy Committee (KAEC) 31

7.2 Kazakhstan’s Governing Laws 31

7.2.1 Law of Subsoil and Subsoil Use 31

7.2.2 Law on Atomic Energy Use 32

7.2.3 Law on Radiation Safety of Population 32

7.3 Kazakhstan’s Mining Ownership and Licensing Methods 32

7.3.1 Mining Ownership 32

7.3.2 Licensing Type 32

7.3.3 Duration and Area 33

7.4 Kazakhstan’s Mining Rights and Obligations 33

7.4.1 Rights 33

7.4.2 Obligations 33

7.5 Kazakhstan’s Key Fiscal Terms 34

7.5.1 Upfront Payments and Taxes on Subsurface Usage 34

7.5.2 Excess Profits Tax 35

7.5.3 Corporate Income Tax (CIT) 35

7.5.4 Capital Gains Tax 35

7.5.5 Land Tax 36

7.5.6 Social (Payroll) Tax 36

7.5.7 Vehicle Tax 36

7.5.8 Deductions 36

7.5.9 Depreciation 36

7.5.10 Loss Carry Forward 36

7.5.11 Withholding Taxes 37

7.5.12 Value Added Tax (VAT) 37

8 Appendix 38

8.1 What is This Report About? 38

8.2 Methodology 38

8.3 Secondary Research 38

8.4 Primary Research 38

8.5 Contact GlobalData 39

8.6 About GlobalData 39

8.7 GlobalData’s Services 39

8.8 Disclaimer 41

List of Tables

Table 1: Copper Mining in Kazakhstan – Copper Mine Production (Metric Tons), 2000–2020 11

Table 2: Copper Mining in Kazakhstan – Copper Ore Production by Province (Metric Tons) 11

Table 3: Copper Mining in Kazakhstan – Major Active Mines, 2014 14

Table 4: Copper Mining in Kazakhstan – Major Development Projects, 2014 14

Table 5: Copper Mining in Kazakhstan – Consumption vs Exports (Metric Tons) 2000–2020 16

Table 6: Copper Mining in Kazakhstan – Export to Region and Destination Countries (Metric Tons), 2013 17

Table 7: Zinc Mining in Kazakhstan – Zinc Mine Production (Metric Tons), 2000–2020 21

Table 8: Zinc Mining in Kazakhstan – Zinc Mine Production by Province (Metric Tons) 21

Table 9: Zinc Mining in Kazakhstan – Major Active Mines, 2014 23

Table 10: Zinc Mining in Kazakhstan – Consumption vs Exports (Metric Tons) 2000–2020 25

Table 11: Zinc Mining in Kazakhstan – Export to Region and Destination Countries (Metric Tons), 2013 26

Table 12: Base Metal Mining in Kazakhstan – Kazakhmys Plc., Major Projects, 2014 29

Table 13: Base Metal Mining in Kazakhstan – Kazzinc Ltd, Major Projects, 2014 30

Table 14: Mining Industry in Kazakhstan, Tax on Production of Useful Minerals (%), 2014 35

Table 15: Mining Industry in Kazakhstan, Excess Profit Tax Rates (%), 2014 35

Table 16: Mining Industry in Kazakhstan, Transportation Tax Rates (%), 2014 36

Table 17: Mining Industry in Kazakhstan, Depreciation Groups and Rates (%), 2014 36

Table 18: Mining Industry in Kazakhstan, Withholding Tax Rates (%), 2014 37

List of Figures

Figure 1: Copper Mining in Kazakhstan – Location of Kazakhmys Copper Deposits 9

Figure 2: Copper Mining in Kazakhstan – Copper Mine Production (Thousand Metric Tons), 2000–2020 10

Figure 3: Copper Mining in Kazakhstan – Copper Ore Production by Province, January–April 2014 12

Figure 4: Copper Mining in Kazakhstan – Copper Nominal Prices, 2013–2019 (US$/Metric Ton) 13

Figure 5: Copper Mining in Kazakhstan – Consumption vs Exports (Thousands Metric Tons) 2000–2020 15

Figure 6: Copper Mining in Kazakhstan – Export to Destination Countries (%), 2013 17

Figure 7: Copper Mining in Kazakhstan – Chinese Imports of Copper Ores and Concentrates (Tons), 2001–2013 18

Figure 8: Zinc Mining in Kazakhstan – Zinc Mine Production (Thousand Metric Tons), 2000–2020 20

Figure 9: Zinc Mining in Kazakhstan – Nominal Prices for Zinc, 2013–2019 (US$/Metric Ton) 22

Figure 10: Zinc Mining in Kazakhstan – Consumption vs. Exports (Thousands Metric Tons) 2000–2020 24

Figure 11: Zinc Mining in Kazakhstan – Export to Destination Countries (%), 2013 26

Figure 12: Zinc Mining in Kazakhstan – Chinese Imports of Zinc Ores and Concentrates (Metric Tons), 2001-2013 27

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