Base Metals Mining in India to 2020

India is one of the world’s major producers of base metals, which include copper, lead and zinc. Copper mine or metal content in ore production reached an estimated 32,600 tonnes (t), 113,400t of lead metal content and 806,800t of zinc metal content in 2013. The base metals are mainly found in the states of Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand and Andhra Pradesh.

Scope

The report contains an overview of the Indian base metals (copper, lead and zinc) mining industry, together with the key growth factors and restraints affecting the industry. It also provides information about reserves, production, prices and the competitive landscape, the major active, exploration and development projects, and the country's mining fiscal regime.

Key Highlights

• In 2013, copper metal consumption reached an estimated 726,300t; lead metal consumption was 493,000t and zinc metal consumption was 603,900t.

• Exports accounted for a total of 25,053t for copper ores and concentrates, and 121,522t for zinc ores and concentrates in the same year.

• Rajasthan is home to several copper deposits in the Khetri Copper Belt, located in the Aravalli Range. The major deposits are Khetri, Kolihan, Banwas, Chandmari, Dholamala, Akwali and Murdapur-Pacheri.

• Rajasthan accounts for the major share of base metals such as lead deposits located in the Aravalli metallogenic region.

Reasons to buy

Gain an understanding of the Indian base metals mining industry, the relevant drivers and restraining factors, reserves, historical and forecast production, consumption, trade and the fiscal regime.

Companies mentioned

Hindustan Copper Ltd

Hindustan Zinc Ltd

Table of Contents

1 Executive Summary 1

2 Base Metals Mining in India 7

2.1 Overview 7

2.2 Base Metals Mining in India – Drivers 8

2.3 Base Metals Mining in India – Restraints 9

3 Copper Mining in India – Reserves, Production, Consumption and Trade 10

3.1 Reserves by Grade and Geographic Regions 10

3.2 Historical and Forecast Production 11

3.3 Total Production by State 12

3.4 Copper Prices 12

3.5 Total Production by Major Mines 14

3.6 Major Exploration and Development Projects 14

3.7 Total Production by Mining Method 15

3.8 Domestic Consumption vs Exports 15

3.8.1 Export to Regions and Destination Countries 18

3.8.2 Imports from Country of Origin 18

3.9 Demand Drivers 19

4 Lead Mining in India – Reserves, Production, Consumption and Trade 21

4.1 Reserves by Grades and Geographic Regions 21

4.2 Historical and Forecast Production 21

4.3 Total Production by State 22

4.4 Lead Prices 23

4.5 Total Production by Major Mines 24

4.6 Total Production by Mining Method 24

4.7 Major Exploration and Development Projects 24

4.8 Domestic Consumption vs. Exports 25

4.8.1 Export to Destination Countries 26

4.8.2 Imports from Country of Origin 26

5 Zinc Mining in India – Reserves, Production, Consumption and Trade 29

5.1 Reserves by Grades and Geographic Regions 29

5.1.1 Historical and Forecast Production 29

5.2 Total Production by State 30

5.3 Zinc Prices 30

5.4 Total Production by Major Mines 31

5.5 Total Production by Mining Method 32

5.6 Major Exploration and Development Projects 32

5.7 Domestic Consumption vs. Exports 33

5.7.1 Exports to Destination Country 35

5.7.2 Import from Regions and Country of Origin 35

5.8 Demand Drivers 36

6 Competitive Landscape 37

6.1 Hindustan Copper Limited 37

6.2 Hindustan Zinc Limited 39

7 Fiscal Regime 41

7.1 India’s Governing Bodies 41

7.1.1 Ministry of Mines 41

7.1.2 Ministry of Coal 41

7.1.3 Indian Bureau of Mines (IBM) 41

7.1.4 Geological Survey of India (GSI) 41

7.1.5 Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF) 42

7.1.6 Coal Controller 42

7.1.7 Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) 42

7.1.8 Atomic Minerals Directorate (AMD) for exploration and research 42

7.1.9 Atomic Energy Regulatory Board (AERB) 42

7.2 India’s, Governing Laws 43

7.2.1 Mines Act, 1952 43

7.2.2 Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Act, 1957 43

7.2.3 The Coal-Bearing Areas (Acquisition and Development) Act, 1957 43

7.2.4 The Atomic Energy Act, 1962 44

7.3 India’s, Mining Ownership and Licenses 44

7.3.1 Mining Licenses 44

7.4 India’s, Rights and Obligations 45

7.4.1 Rights 45

7.4.2 Obligations 45

7.5 India’s, Key Fiscal Terms 46

7.5.1 Fees 46

7.5.2 Rent 46

7.5.3 Royalty 47

7.5.4 Corporate Tax 49

7.5.5 Surcharge 49

7.5.6 Education Cess 49

7.5.7 Clean Energy Cess 49

7.5.8 Clean Energy Cess 49

7.5.9 Branch Profits Tax (BPT) 50

7.5.10 Withholding Tax 50

7.5.11 Losses Carry Forward 50

7.5.12 Deductions 50

7.5.13 Depreciation 50

7.5.14 Value Added Tax (VAT) 50

7.5.15 Tax Incentives 51

7.5.16 Tax Treaties 51

8 Appendix 52

8.1 What is this Report About? 52

8.2 Methodology 52

8.3 Secondary Research 52

8.4 Primary Research 52

8.5 Contact GlobalData 53

8.6 About GlobalData 53

8.7 GlobalData’s Services 53

8.8 Disclaimer 55

List of Tables

Table 1: Copper Mining in India – Copper Mine Production (Thousand Metric Tons), 2000–2020 12

Table 2: Copper Mining in India – Major Active Mines, 2014 14

Table 3: Copper Mining in India – Major Exploration Projects, 2014 14

Table 4: Copper Mining in India – Major Development Projects, 2014 14

Table 5: Copper Mining in India – Consumption vs Exports (Thousand Metric Tons), 2000–2020 17

Table 6: Copper Mining in India – Export to Regions and Destination Countries (Thousand Metric Tons), 2013 18

Table 7: Copper Mining in India – Imports from Region and Country of Origin (Thousand Metric Tons), 2013 19

Table 8: Lead Mining in India – Lead Mine Production (Thousand Metric Tons), 2000–2020 22

Table 9: Lead Mining in India – Major Active Mines, 2014 24

Table 10: Lead Mining in India – Major Exploration Projects, 2014 24

Table 11: Lead Mining in India – Major Development Projects, 2014 24

Table 12: Lead Mining in India – Lead Metal Consumption (Thousand Metric Tons), 2000–2020 26

Table 13: Lead Mining in India – Import from Regions and Country of Origin (Thousand Metric Tons), 2013 28

Table 14: Zinc Mining in India – Zinc Mine Production (Thousand Metric Tons), 2000–2020 30

Table 15: Zinc Mining in India – Major Active Mines, 2014 31

Table 16: Zinc Mining in India – Major Exploration Projects, 2014 32

Table 17: Zinc Mining in India – Major Development Projects, 2014 32

Table 18: Zinc Mining in India – Consumption vs. Exports (Thousand Metric Tons), 2000–2020 34

Table 19: Zinc Mining in India – Import from Regions and Country of Origin (Thousand Metric Tons), 2013 36

Table 20: Base Metal Mining in India – Hindustan Copper Limited, Major Projects, 2014 38

Table 21: Base Metal Mining in India – Hindustan Zinc Limited, Major Projects, 2014 40

Table 22: Mining Industry in India – Dead Rent Rates Per Hectare (INR), 2014 46

Table 23: Mining Industry in India – Coal and Lignite Royalty Rates, (INR/%), 2014 48

Table 24: Mining Industry in India – Coal Middlings Royalty Rate, (INR/%), 2014 48

Table 25: Mining Industry in India – West Bengal Coal and Lignite Royalty Rates Per Metric Tons, 2014 49

Table 26: Mining Industry in India – Withholding Taxes (%), 2014 50

Table 27: Mining Industry in India – Depreciation Rates (%), 2014 50

List of Figures

Figure 1: Location of Major Copper Deposits 10

Figure 2: Copper Mining in India – Copper Mine Production (Thousand Metric Tons), 2000–2020 11

Figure 3: Copper Mining in India – Copper Prices , 2013–2020 (US$/Metric Ton) 13

Figure 4: Copper Mining in India – Copper Metal Consumption (Thousand Metric Tons), 2000–2020 16

Figure 5: Copper Mining in India – Imports from Country of Origin (%), 2013 18

Figure 6: Copper Mining in India – Chinese Imports of Copper Ores and Concentrates (Metric Tons), 2001–2013 20

Figure 7: Lead Mining in India – Lead Mine Production (Thousand Metric Tons), 2000–2020 21

Figure 8: Lead Mining in India – World Nominal Prices for Lead* (US$/metric ton), 2013–2020 23

Figure 9: Lead Mining in India – Lead Metal Consumption (Thousand Metric Tons), 2000–2020 25

Figure 10: Lead Mining in India – Imports from Country of Origin (%), 2013 27

Figure 11: Zinc Mining in India – Zinc Mine Production (Thousand Metric Tons), 2000–2020 29

Figure 12: Zinc Mining in India – World Nominal Prices for Zinc (US$/metric ton), 2013–2020 31

Figure 13: Zinc Mining in India – Zinc Metal Consumption (Thousand Metric Tons), 2000–2020 33

Figure 14: Zinc Mining in India – Imports from Country of Origin (%), 2013 35

Figure 15: Zinc Mining in India – Chinese Imports of Zinc Ores and Concentrates (Metric Tons), 2001-2013 36

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