Brazil’s Mining Fiscal Regime 2021

Brazil has abundance reserve metal reserves such as aluminium, iron ore, niobium and nickel. It is also a leading producer of precious metals such as gold. Brazil’s Ministry of Mines and Energy (MME) is responsible for the development of science and technology. Geology, mineral and energy resources, hydropower, mining and metallurgy, oil, fuel and electricity are the primary areas of concern for the MME. The National Mining Agency (ANM) is a federal agency responsible for the implementation of national policy pertaining to mining. The Geological Survey of Brazil provides basic geological information required for the management and rational exploitation of the country’s mineral resources.


The report outlines the country's macroeconomic indicators, governing bodies, governing laws, mining codes, mining licenses, rights, obligations, fees and major taxes that are applicable within the country’s mining industry

Reasons to buy

To understand about the governing bodies and major laws that governs Brazil’s mining industry

To enhance your decision-making capability in a more rapid and time sensitive manner

Identify various mineral licenses, rights, obligations and fees

To gain an overview about the amendments made in the mining law’s in the country

To understand about the various taxes and royalties that are applicable in the country’s mining industry

Table of Contents

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Table of Contents

List of Figures

List of Tables

1 Executive Summary

2 Country Overview

2.1 Macroeconomic Performance

2.2 Ease of Doing Business

2.3 Corruption Index

3 Governing Bodies

3.1 Ministry of Mines and Energy (MME)

 National Mining Agency (ANM)

 Geological Survey of Brazil (CPRM)

3.2 Ministry of Science, Technology, Innovations and Communications (MCTIC)

 National Nuclear Energy Commission (CNEN)

 Industrias Nucleares do Brasil SA (INB)

4 Mining Laws and Regulations

4.1 Mining Codes

4.2 Law No. 4,118

5 Mining Licensing, Rights and Obligations

5.1 Exploration License

5.2 Extraction License

5.3 Rights

5.4 Obligations

6 Taxes and Royalties

6.1 Corporate Income Tax (CIT)

6.2 Individual Tax

6.3 Capital Gain Tax

6.4 Withholding Tax

6.5 Value Added Tax (VAT)

6.6 Royalties

7 Appendix

7.1 Abbreviations

7.2 Methodology

7.3 Coverage

7.4 Secondary Research

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List of Tables

Table 1: Brazil’s Mining Fiscal Regime – Corporate Income Tax (CIT), 2021

Table 2: Brazil’s Mining Fiscal Regime – Individual Tax (%), 2021

Table 3: Brazil’s Mining Fiscal Regime – Capital Gain Tax (%), 2021

Table 4: Brazil’s Mining Fiscal Regime – Withholding Tax (%), 2021

Table 5: Brazil’s Mining Fiscal Regime – Value Added Tax (VAT) (%), 2021

List of Figures

Figure 1: Brazil’s Mining Fiscal Regime – Country Overview, 2021

Figure 2: Brazil’s Mining Fiscal Regime – Nominal GDP (US$ Billion) and Real GDP Growth Rate (%), 2001–2021

Figure 3: Brazil’s Mining Fiscal Regime – Total Foreign Direct Inflow (FDI), 2017–2019

Figure 4: Brazil’s Mining Fiscal Regime – Ease of Doing Business in Brazil, Global Ranking, May 2019 – May 2020

Figure 5: Brazil’s Mining Fiscal Regime – Corruption Perception Index, 2016–2020


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