The United States of America (USA) Coal Mining to 2025 – Updated with Impact of COVID-19

The US was the fifth largest coal producer in the world, with 489.2 million tonnes (Mt), in 2020. Production declined by 23.7% in 2020 over the previous year, registering the third consecutive decline since 2017. The decline was majorly driven by production cutbacks by major coal producers, amidst the COVID-induced economic downturn. While the country’s coal industry is already challenged with higher coal production costs and low natural gas prices, the COVID-19 pandemic further disrupted the country’s coal supply. Most of the coal miners idled operations during the pandemic, primarily due to falling coal demand in both the domestic and international markets.

Scope

The report contains an overview of the US coal mining industry including key demand driving factors affecting the US coal mining industry. It provides detailed information on reserves, reserves by country, production, competitive landscape, major operating mines, major exploration, and development projects.

Reasons to buy

Comprehensive evaluation of the impact of COVID-19 on the US coal industry

To gain an understanding of the the US coal mining industry, relevant driving factors

To understand historical and forecast trend on the US coal production

To identify key players in the the US coal mining industry

To identify major active, exploration and development projects in the US

Companies mentioned

Peabody Energy, Arch Resources Inc., Alliance Resource Partners LP, NACCO Industries Inc., CONSOL Energy

Table of Contents

1 Executive Summary

2 Reserves, Production and Prices

2.1 Reserves and Proximate Analysis

– Proven coal reserves by country and province

– Proximate Analysis

2.2 Coal Production

2.3 Coal Production by Grade – Bituminous, Lignite and Anthracite

2.4 Coal Production by Type – Thermal and Metallurgical

2.5 Coal Production by State

2.6 Coal Production by Basin

2.7 Coal Production by Company

2.8 Coal Prices

3 Coal Assets

3.1 Active Mines

3.2 Exploration Projects

3.3 Development Projects

4 Consumption

4.1 Domestic coal consumption

4.2 Consumption by type – thermal and coking

5 Coal Exports

5.1 Coal exports by major ports

6 Factors Affecting the Demand for Coal

6.1 The US’ Electricity Generation

6.2 Retiring coal-fired plants

7 Major Coal Producers

7.1 Peabody Energy

7.2 Arch Resources Inc.

7.3 Alliance Resource Partners LP

7.4 NACCO Industries Inc.

7.5 CONSOL Energy

8 The US Fiscal Regime

8.1 Governing Bodies

– Federal Governing Bodies

– State Governing Bodies

8.2 Laws and Regulations

– Federal Laws

– State Laws

8.3 Licenses and Leases

– Coal Mining Lease

– Exploratory License

– Federal Permits

– State Permits

8.4 Rights and Obligations

– Rights

– Obligations

8.5 Taxes and Royalties

– Federal Reclamation Fee

– Royalty

– Mining Claim Fees

– State Fees

– Corporate Tax Rates

– Real Property Tax

9 Appendix

9.1 Abbreviations

9.2 Methodology

9.3 Coverage

9.4 Secondary Research

List of Tables

Table 1: The US Coal Mining – Coal Reserves by Country (Billion Tonnes), 2019

Table 2: The US Coal Mining – Coal Reserves by Country (Billion Tonnes), 2021

Table 3: The US Coal Mining – Historical and Forecast Coal Production (Million Tonnes), 2005-2025

Table 4: The US Coal Mining – Historical and Forecast Coal Production by Grade (Million Tonnes), 2005-2025

Table 5: The US Coal Mining – Historical and Forecast Coal Production by Type (Million Tonnes), 2005-2025

Table 6: The US Coal Mining – Coal Production by Basin (Million Tonnes), 2019 vs 2020

Table 7: The US Coal Mining – Production by Company (Million Tonnes), 2020

Table 8: The US Coal Mining – Central Appalachian Coal Spot Prices* (US$/Tonne), 2000-2020

Table 9: The US Coal Mining – Active Mines, 2021

Table 10: The US Coal Mining – Exploration Projects, 2021

Table 11: The US Coal Mining – Development Projects, 2021

Table 12: The US Coal Mining – Coal Consumption by End Use (Million Tonnes), 2005-2025

Table 13: The US Coal Mining -Coal Consumption by Type (Million Tonnes), 2005-2025

Table 14: The US Coal Mining – Coal Exports by Country (Million Tonnes), 2020

Table 15: The US Coal Mining – Historical and Forecast Coal Exports (Million Tonnes), 2005-2025

Table 16: The US Coal Mining – US Electricity Generation from Selected Fuels (billion kWh), 2005-2025

Table 17: The US Coal Mining – List of Retired Coal-Fired Plants in the US, 2020

Table 18: The US Coal Mining – List of Future Closing Coal-Fired Plants in the US, 2021-2025

Table 19: The US Coal Mining – Peabody Energy, Major Projects, 2021

Table 20: The US Coal Mining – Arch Resources Inc., Major Projects, 2021

Table 21: The US Coal Mining – Alliance Resource Partners LP, Major Projects, 2021

Table 22: The US Coal Mining – NACCO Industries Inc., Major Projects, 2021

Table 23: The US Coal Mining – CONSOL Energy, Major Projects, 2021

Table 24: The US’s Mining Fiscal Regime – National Level Mining Governing Bodies and Agencies, 2020

Table 25: The US’s Mining Fiscal Regime – State Level Mining Governing Bodies and Agencies, 2020

Table 26: The US’s Mining Fiscal Regime – Coal Mining Fees, 2020

Table 27: The US’s Mining Fiscal Regime – Excise tax rates, 2020

Table 28: The US’s Mining Fiscal Regime – Coal royalty Rates (%), 2020

Table 29: The US’s Mining Fiscal Regime – Mining Claim fees (New Claims), Before September 1, 2019

Table 30: The US’s Mining Fiscal Regime – Mining Claim fees (New Claims), On or After September 1, 2019

Table 31: The US’s Mining Fiscal Regime – Mining Claim fees (Existing Claims), 2020

Table 32: The US’s Mining Fiscal Regime – Processing Fees to Apply for Waiver in Maintenance Fees for Existing Claims, 2020

Table 33: The US’s Mining Fiscal Regime – Processing Fees for transfer of Interest/Amended Notice of Location, 2020

Table 34: The US’s Mining Fiscal Regime – Disposition of Occupation Tax Revenue, 2020

Table 35: The US’s Mining Fiscal Regime – Tennessee Mining fees (US$), 2020

Table 36: The US’ Mining Fiscal Regime – Alaska Mining License Tax on Net Income (%), 2020

Table 37: The US’ Mining Fiscal Regime – West Virginia Coal Severance Tax Rate (%), 2020

Table 38: The US’s Mining Fiscal Regime – Montana Coal Severance Tax Rate (%), 2020

Table 39: The US’s Mining Fiscal Regime – Nevada, Net Proceeds Tax Rates (%), 2020

Table 40: The US’s Mining Fiscal Regime – State Corporate Tax Rates (%), as of January 2021

List of Figures

Figure 1: The US Coal Mining – Proved Coal Reserves by Country (%), 2019

Figure 2: The US Coal Mining – Historic and Forecast Coal Production (Million Tonnes), 2005-2025

Figure 3: The US Coal Mining – Historic and Forecast Coal Production by Grade (Million Tonnes), 2005-2025

Figure 4: The US Coal Mining – Historic and Forecast Coal Production by Type (Million Tonnes), 2005-2025

Figure 5: The US Coal Mining – Coal Production by State (Million Tonnes), 2017 – 2020*

Figure 6: The US Coal Mining – Coal Production by Basin (Million Tonnes), 2019 vs 2020

Figure 7: The US Coal Mining – Production by Company (%), 2020

Figure 8: The US Coal Mining – Central Appalachian Coal Spot Prices* (US$/Tonne), 2000-2020

Figure 9: The US Coal Mining – Coal Consumption for Electricity Generation (Million Tonnes), 2010-2020

Figure 10: The US Coal Mining – Coal Consumption by End Use (Million Tonnes), 2005-2025

Figure 11: The US Coal Mining – Coal Consumption by Type (Million Tonnes), 2005-2025

Figure 12: The US Coal Mining – Export by Country (%), 2010 vs 2020

Figure 13: The US Coal Mining – Historical and Forecast Coal Exports (Million Tonnes), 2005-2025

Figure 14: The US Coal Mining – Exports by Customs District, Top Five Ports (%), Jan – Sep, 2019 & 2020

Figure 15: The US Coal Mining – US Electricity Generation from Selected Fuels (%), 2010-2025

Figure 16: The US Coal Mining – Coal Production by Company (Million Tonnes), 2019 vs 2020

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