Qatar 2021 – The New LNG Boom, World Cup 2022 Legacy, and the Opportunities and Challenges for Business – MEED Insights

Amid the challenges of the Covid-19 pandemic, the normalisation of relations between Doha and four of its Arab neighbours following a three-and-a-half-year diplomatic dispute is a breath of fresh air for Qatar's economy and society. It comes at an important time for the country.

Over the past decade, the focus of Qatar’s investment has been on the development of the infrastructure needed to deliver the FIFA football World Cup in 2022, on the stadiums, the airports, rail and metro lines, and on leisure and hospitality facilities. The World Cup has underpinned about $13.6bn a year of project contract awards in Qatar over the past decade, with the peak years coming in 2014 and 2015, when award levels rose to about $20.9bn and $17.4bn respectively. Since 2015 however, awards have slowed, and the question is: What comes after the World Cup?

Part of the answer came on 8 February 2021, when Qatargas awarded a $13bn contract for the main package of the first phase of its North Field Expansion (NFE) megaproject to a consortium of Japan’s Chiyoda Corporation and France-based Technip Energies. It is the biggest single EPC contract ever awarded in the region, and is redolent of the early 2000s, when investments to develop six large liquefied natural gas (LNG) trains propelled Qatar to become the world’s biggest gas exporter.

Qatar’s projects market in the 2020s will have many similarities to the boom of the first decade of the 2000s. And the similarity goes beyond LNG. Another reminder came at the end of 2020, when Doha was selected to host the Asian Games in 2030. The Qatari capital hosted the games for the first time in 2006 and a range of major sporting and hospitality projects were completed ahead of the event. Doha is implementing a new tourism strategy that it hopes will turn the one-off economic and political capital boost of the World Cup into a long-term driver of sports, business and leisure tourism.

This time around, Qatar’s gas projects come in parallel to the Qatar National Vison 2030, Doha’s long-term strategy to transition away from energy, diversify economically and attract investment. The plan includes the vigorous pursuit of investment in research and development in the hope of stimulating the formation of a broader knowledge economy. Doha is also stepping up its efforts to draw investment through public-private partnership (PPP) schemes. Doha issued a new PPP law in May 2020. Doha has also been making progressive reforms with respect to worker welfare and its Kafala system, deemed necessary for Qatar's future economy.

Written by MEED, the Middle East market experts within the GlobalData Group, "Qatar 2021" assesses the outlook for Qatar’s projects market and the opportunities for businesses. Covering oil, gas, petrochemicals, power, renewables, construction, tourism, water, PPP and transport, the report is a powerful resource for anyone seeking to find opportunities and do business in Qatar.

Scope

NA

Reasons to buy

Detailed analysis of the opportunities for business and projects in Qatar

Comprehensive review of the impact of Covid-19 on the Qatar market

Outlook for policy and investment in Qatar

Update on preparations for World Cup 2022

Detailed summary and update on the North Field Expansion programme

An assessment of the effect of the GCC dispute and what its end means

An update on progress on the Qatar National Vision 2030

An examination of energy transition policies in Qatar

A review of legislative and worker welfare reforms

Project opportunities with client and procurement details

Investment drivers and client spending plans

Understand risks and set strategy in the Qatar market

Complete assessment of the economic outlook for Qatar

Analysis of all major business sectors in Qatar including oil & gas; power & water; construction, petrochemicals, transport, and renewables

Detailed assessment of Doha’s Public-Private Partnership (PPP) plans

Table of Contents

1. Governance

1.1 History

1.1.1 Qatar until 1916

1.1.2 Discovery of oil & independence

1.1.3 From independence to prosperity

1.2 The government of Sheikh Tamim

1.2.1 Cabinet reshuffle in 2020

1.3 GCC diplomatic dispute

1.3.1 Origins of the GCC dispute

1.3.2 Impact of the GCC dispute

1.3.3 GCC dispute resolution

1.3.4 Economic boost

1.4 World Cup

1.4.1 Tourism strategy

1.4.2 Worker welfare

2. Economy

2.1 Qatar exhibits resilience to Covid-19 shock

2.1.1 GDP Growth

2.1.2 GCC diplomatic crisis

2.1.3 Debt

2.1.4 Sovereign credit

2.1.5 Workforce reduction

2.1.6 Economic outlook

2.2 Economic vision

2.2.1 Qatar National Vision 2030

2.3 Privatisation and PPP

2.4 Qatar banking sector

2.4.1 2020 bank profits hit by Covid-19

3. Projects market

3.1 Overview

3.2 Spending drivers

3.3 Public vs. Private

3.4 Cancelled and on-hold projects

3.5 Leading contractors

3.6 Leading clients

3.7 Future projects

3.8 Project market trends

4. Public-private partnerships (PPP)

4.1 Commentary

4.2 Policy & regulations

4.3 History

4.4 PPP projects

4.4.1 Education

4.4.2 Transport

4.4.3 Housing

4.4.4 Healthcare

4.4.5 Logistics

4.4.6 Wastewater

4.4.7 Oil and gas

4.4.8 Power and renewable energy

5. Oil and Gas

5.1 Overview

5.1.1 Impact of Covid-19

5.2 Structure

5.3 Upstream oil

5.3.1 Condensate

5.4 Gas

5.4.1 LNG

5.4.2 Dolphin Gas

5.4.3 Al-Khaleej & Barzan

5.4.4 Gas-to-Liquids (GTL)

5.4.5 NGLs

5.5 Refining

5.6 Oil & gas projects market

5.7 Leading contractors

6. Petrochemicals

6.1 Overview

6.2 Structure

6.3 Petrochemical production and sales

6.4 Petrochemical projects

6.4.1 Projects market

6.4.2 Projects underway

6.4.3 Projects in pre-execution

7. Power

7.1 Market overview

7.2 Industry structure

7.2.1 Government

7.2.2 Private power programme

7.2.3 Sector reform

7.3 Supply and demand trends

7.3.1 Power consumption

7.3.2 Demand forecast

7.3.3 Installed generation capacity

7.4 Power generation projects

7.4.1 Power generation projects

7.4.2 Fuel and alternative energy

7.5 Leading contractors

8. Transmission & Distribution

8.1 Transmission & distribution network

8.2 Industry structure

8.2.1 Government

8.3 Transmission & distribution projects

8.3.1 Projects awarded under Phase 12 transmission expansion programme

8.3.2 Projects awarded under Phase 13 transmission expansion programme

8.3.3 Upcoming transmission projects

8.4 International electrical interconnection

9. Renewables

9.1 Market overview

9.2 Market structure

9.2.1 Government

9.2.2 Private power programme

9.3 Renewable capacity and generation

9.3.1 Installed capacity

9.3.2 Power generation

9.3.3 Solar potential

9.4 Renewable energy policy

9.4.1 Targets and initiatives

9.5 Projects

9.6 Key contacts

10. Water and desalination

10.1 Market overview

10.1.1 Impact of Covid-19

10.2 Market structure

10.2.1 Government

10.2.2 Public-private partnership (PPP)

10.3 Water demand

10.3.1 Domestic demand

10.3.2 Industrial demand

10.3.3 Agricultural demand

10.4 Water supply

10.4.1 Ground water

10.4.2 Desalination

10.5 Water projects

10.5.1 Ongoing major water transmission projects

11. Wastewater

11.1 Market overview

11.2 Market structure

11.2.1 Government

11.2.2 PPP in wastewater

11.3 Wastewater treatment

11.3.1 Wastewater reuse

11.4 Wastewater projects

11.4.1 Major wastewater projects underway

11.4.2 Major upcoming wastewater projects

12. Construction and real estate

12.1 Market overview

12.1.1 Impact of Covid-19

12.1.2 Crossroads for construction as focus shifts to next generation of projects

12.1.3 Major Qatar’s megaprojects under execution or planned

12.1.4 Leading clients

12.1.5 Leading contractors

12.2 Project trends

12.3 Vision 2030

12.4 2021 Budget

12.5 Construction sector analysis

12.5.1 Real estate

12.5.2 Healthcare

12.5.3 Education

13. Tourism, Hospitality and World Cup 2022 progress

13.1 Overview

13.1.1 Impact of Covid-19

13.2 Project trends

13.3 Hospitality

13.4 Cultural

13.5 Leisure

13.6 World Cup 2022 progress report

13.6.1 Overview

13.6.2 Status of World Cup 2022 related projects

13.7 Leading contractors

14. Transport and logistics

14.1 Market overview

14.1.1 The impact of Covid-19 on Qatar’s transport sector

14.1.2 Push for public private partnerships (PPP)

14.1.3 Transport megaprojects under execution in Qatar

14.1.4 Qatar’s leading transport project clients

14.1.5 Leading contractors

14.2 Transport project trends

14.2.1 Transport market trends

14.2.2 Project pipeline

14.3 Sector analysis

14.3.1 Roads

14.3.2 Rail

14.3.3 Airports

14.3.4 Ports

Disclaimer

List of Tables

Table 1: The present cabinet of Qatar

Table 2: Qatar Key Macro Economic Indicators, 2012-2022

Table 3: Key data for commercial banks in Qatar (QRbn)

Table 4: Qatar, major projects which are on-hold or cancelled ($m), 2011-2020

Table 5: Qatar, value of planned or yet to be awarded projects by status and sector ($m)

Table 6: Qatar, major projects under execution by value ($m)

Table 7: Qatar, major projects planned and unawarded ($m)

Table 8: List of Qatar schoools PPP packages

Table 9: Planned PPP projects

Table 10: Top five oil and gas projects in the pre-execution phase

Table 11: QP board members

Table 12: PDO deals with local contractors and suppliers, Operating oil fields

Table 13: Exploration agreements

Table 14: Qatargas and RasGas LNG ventures

Table 15: Al-Khaleej and Barzan upstream gas developments

Table 16: Oryx GTL and Pearl GTL ventures

Table 17: QP gas operations

Table 18: QP's Industrial Cities

Table 19: Major oil and gas projects under execution

Table 20: Oil and gas planned projects

Table 21: Petrochemical projects planned or underway

Table 22: Qatar power sector key facts, 2020

Table 23: Number of electricity customers, 2014-2018

Table 24: Operating IWPPs/IPPs

Table 25: Selected major power plant contracts

Table 26: Future IWPP/IPP tendering schedule

Table 27: Qatar leading power sector contractors by value ($m)

Table 28: Major transmission projects by Kahramaa, 2005-2018

Table 29: T&D commissioned substation infrastructure, 2013-2018

Table 30: T&D cables laid, 2013-2018

Table 31: T&D high voltage overhead lines, 2013-2018

Table 32: Qatar transmission project phase 12; packages awarded

Table 33: Qatar transmission project phase 13; packages awarded

Table 34: Upcoming transmission projects in Qatar

Table 35: Qatar power and renewables sector key facts, 2020

Table 36: Renewable power projects, planned or underway

Table 37: Qatar key contacts

Table 38: Qatar water sector key facts

Table 39: Average per capita water consumption (cubic metres/year), 2010-2018

Table 40: Selected Kahramaa water supply contracts, 2006-2019

Table 41: Water Security Mega Reservoirs programme packages

Table 42: Qatar mega reservoir sites

Table 43: Total water storage by Type (MIG), 2014-2018

Table 44: Water Security Mega Reservoirs Programme – main contract awards

Table 45: Qatar’s desalination projects in operation, 2020

Table 46: Qatar major water transmission projects under construction

Table 47: Qatar wastewater sector key facts

Table 48: Wastewater at Sewage Plants in Qatar, 2011-2017

Table 49: Idris schedule

Table 50: Idris packaging strategy

Table 51: Idris packages status and awards

Table 52: Ashghal’s non-treatment infrastructure

Table 53: Qatar’s existing treatment capacity

Table 54: The Doha North contracts

Table 55: Ashghal wastewater projects by award year, 2010-2020

Table 56: Operating wastewater treatment plants in Qatar

Table 57: Treated and untreated urban sewage effluent usage

Table 58: Wastewater treatment projects underway in Qatar

Table 59: Upcoming wastewater treatment projects in Qatar

Table 60: Largest megaprojects planned or underway in Qatar

Table 61: Selected major contracts under execution at Lusail City

Table 62: Major contracts due for award at Lusail City

Table 63: Contracts under execution at The Pearl-Qatar

Table 64: Top 10 unawarded real estate projects

Table 65: 2033 Hospital services gap analysis

Table 66: Capital programme estimates (QRm)

Table 67: Planned hospital projects under Qatar Healthcare Facilities Masterplan 2013-2033

Table 68: Top 10 hospital projects planned and underway ($m)

Table 69: Major education projects due for award in 2021

Table 70: Major hospitality projects underway

Table 71: Major hospitality projects planned

Table 72: Cultural projects planned or underway

Table 73: Leisure projects planned or underway

Table 74: FIFA World Cup 2022 related projects underway

Table 75: Largest transport megaprojects under execution in Qatar

Table 76: Qatar Passenger & Freight Rail

Table 77: Status of various phases of the Doha Metro Project

Table 78: Hamad International Airport Expansion

Table 79: Hamad Port main contracts

Table 80: Other port projects

List of Figures

Figure 1: Qatar Country Snapshot

Figure 2: Qatar, project awards by year ($m), 2011‒2020

Figure 3: Project contract awards by countries in the GCC region and year ($m), 2011-2020

Figure 4: Qatar, share of various sectors in awarded projects, 2011-2020 (%)

Figure 5: Qatar, Contract awards by sector and year, 2011-2020 ($m)

Figure 6: Public and private sector awards, by sector, 2011-2020 ($m)

Figure 7: Qatar, cancelled/On hold projects 2011-2020, by sector (% of total by value)

Figure 8: Top contractors by the value of contracts under execution ($bn)

Figure 9: Top client by the value of contracts under execution ($bn)

Figure 10: Value of planned or unawarded projects by sector ($m)

Figure 11: Value of planned or unawarded projects by status ($m)

Figure 12: Value and number of awarded projects by year ($m), 2011‒2020

Figure 13: Locations of primary healthcare centres in Qatar

Figure 14: Average daily gas production, 1976-2019 (billion cubic feet)

Figure 15: Average daily gas production, 2010-2019 (billion cubic feet)

Figure 16: Average oil and condensate production, 1972-2019 (thousand barrels per day)

Figure 17: Average oil and condensate production, 2010-2019 (thousand barrels per day)

Figure 18: Qatar oil and gas fields

Figure 19: Oil production contribution, 2018

Figure 20: Average daily crude production, 2009-2019 (thousand barrels per day)

Figure 21: North Field expected wellhead gas production, 1995-2015 (billion cf/d)

Figure 22: LNG exports, 2010-2019 (Billion cubic metres)

Figure 23: Dolphin Gas, existing and constructed pipelines

Figure 24: Qatar gas exports, 2019 (billion cubic metres)

Figure 25: Light NGLs production in the GCC (84 million tons in 2017)

Figure 26: Mesaieed refinery exports by product type, 2017

Figure 27: Oil and gas awards, 2011-2020 ($m)

Figure 28: Qatar biggest oil and gas contractors

Figure 29: Qatar chemicals production capacity 2010-2018 (million tonnes)

Figure 30: GCC chemicals sales by country (percentage of $84.1bn), 2018

Figure 31: Electricity consumption (GWh), Qatar, 2015-2030

Figure 32: Qatar power consumption by sector, 2018 (MWh, per cent)

Figure 33: Installed power capacity and peak demand, 2010-2020

Figure 34: Peak demand growth, 2010-2020 (%)

Figure 35: Cumulative Installed capacity (MW), Qatar, 2015-2030

Figure 36: Cumulative Installed capacity by technology (MW), Qatar, 2020

Figure 37: Location of Qatar’s power plants

Figure 38: Annual power generation (GWh), Qatar, 2015-2030

Figure 39: Qatar installed renewable capacity (MW), 2015-2030

Figure 40: Qatar annual renewable power generation (GWh), 2015-2030

Figure 41: Qatar water production (million cubic metres), 2012-2018

Figure 42: Kahramaa planned spending, 2015-2019 (per cent)

Figure 43: Kahramaa registered water customers, 2010-2018

Figure 44: Water Security Mega Reservoirs

Figure 45: Existing and planned water transmission network

Figure 46: Qatar population (m) 2015-2025

Figure 47: Domestic water demand in Qatar (million cm), 2006-2016

Figure 48: Industrial water demand in Qatar (million cm), 2006-2016

Figure 49: Agriculture water demand in Qatar (million cm), 2006-2016

Figure 50: Qatar water supply from various sources (million cm), 2008-2016

Figure 51: Groundwater basins in Qatar

Figure 52: Qatar’s desalination capacity and demand (MIGD), 2007-2020

Figure 53: Qatar’s water surplus/deficit (MIGD), 2007-2020

Figure 54: Number of completed buildings connected to public sewage system, 1986-2015

Figure 55: Doha drainage infrastructure

Figure 56: Planned Idris transmission network

Figure 57: Main and secondary water transmission plan, 2013-2018

Figure 58: Use and discharge of treated sewage effluent (million cm), 2004-2015

Figure 59: Use and discharge of treated sewage effluent (%), 2015

Figure 60: Leading clients by value of work under execution ($m)

Figure 61: Leading contractors by value of work under execution ($m)

Figure 62: Qatar construction contract awards, 2011-2020 ($m)

Figure 63: Qatar construction contract awards by sector ($m), 2011-2020

Figure 64: Qatar construction active projects market (%)

Figure 65: Lusail land-use masterplan

Figure 66: Qatar tourism contract awards, 2011-2020 ($m)

Figure 67: Qatar tourism contract awards by sector ($m), 2011-2020

Figure 68: Leading tourism and hospitality contractors by value of work under execution ($m)

Figure 69: Leading transport project sponsors by value of contracts under execution ($m)

Figure 70: Leading contractors by value of work under execution ($m)

Figure 71: Transport project contract awards in Qatar, 2011-2020 ($m)

Figure 72: Transport project contract awards in Qatar from 2011-2020, by Subsector ($m)

Figure 73: Planned transport projects in Qatar, by status of project ($m)

Figure 74: Qatar active road projects by status ($m)

Figure 75: The proposed QIRP delivery schedule

Figure 76: Doha Metro map

Figure 77: Lusail LRT network

Figure 78: Hamad Port

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