Vietnam PESTLE Insights – A Macroeconomic Outlook Report

Mining, manufacturing and utilities contributed 33.2% to Vietnam’s gross value added (GVA) in 2020, followed by wholesale, retail and hotels (16.1%) and financial intermediation, real estate and business activities (13.0%). In nominal terms, the three sectors are forecasted to grow by 11.8%, 11.4%, and 11.2%, respectively, in 2021.

Red River Delta, Northern Central and Central Coastal Area, and Mekong River Delta regions are the key economic regions in Vietnam. 62.31% of the Vietnamese population lives in these regions as of 2019


– Foreign direct investment inflows to Vietnam decreased to US$28.5bn in 2020 due to the pandemic

– The Ho Chi Minh index has been on an increasing trend since April 2020. As of April 5, 2021, the Ho Chi Minh index stood at 1,236.54, compared to 701.8, on April 5, 2021.

Reasons to buy

– Macroeconomic Outlook Report identifies the potentials of the country as an investment destination by analyzing the political, economic, social, technological, legal and environmental (PESTLE) structure.

– PESTLE Insights provides 360 degree view of the economy which can be used as a strategic tool to understand the market dynamics, business potentials and direction of operations

– Along with providing the country’s snapshot, the report captures the risk factors pertaining to the macroeconomic risks, political environment, legal environment, demographic and social structure effectiveness, technology & infrastructure and natural and geographic aspects that might impact business.

– This report also highlights key clusters/cities which contribute significantly to the country GDP and population along with major companies’ presence in these areas.

Companies mentioned

BIM Group


Vietnam Airlines

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

List of Exhibits

Did you Know?

Country Highlights

COVID-19 impact

Country snapshot

Political Landscape

Economic Landscape

Social Landscape

Technological Landscape

Legal Landscape

Environmental Landscape


List of Figures

List of Figures

Exhibit 1: Vietnam’s Performance in Country Risk Analysis in Comparison to Asia Pacific and the World Average

Exhibit 2: Performance Overview (Score: 1-100)

Exhibit 3: Broad Categories and Weights behind the Index

Exhibit 4: Vietnam Ho Chi Minh Stock Index

Exhibit 5: Key Sectors Contribution to the Economy

Exhibit 6: FDI inflows (2016-2020) and FDI by Industry (2019)

Exhibit 7: Inward FDI stock by country of origin and recipient region (2019)

Exhibit 8: Key Infrastructure Indicators

Exhibit 9: Real GDP and Household Consumption Growth Rate, 2016-2023f

Exhibit 10: Real GDP Growth Rate Comparison (2020e)

Exhibit 11: Exports and Imports, Percentage change (2016-2023f)

Exhibit 12: Current Account Balance, 2016-2023f

Exhibit 13: Top Three Commodity Exports, % of Total Exports, 2016-2019

Exhibit 14: Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof , % Share in World’s Total (2019)

Exhibit 15: Interest Rates (July 2017-March 2021)

Exhibit 16: Exchange Rate and Inflation, 2016-2023f

Exhibit 17: Public Finance, 2016-2023f

Exhibit 18: General Government Debt, 2016-2023f

Exhibit 19: Unemployment, 2016-2023f

Exhibit 20: Average Annual Wages, 2016-2019

Exhibit 21: Labour Cost Index, 2016-2019

Exhibit 22: Rural/Urban Share in Total Population- 1995,2005,2015,2025

Exhibit 23: Age-group Share of Total Population- 1995,2005,2015,2025

Exhibit 24: Gender Split – 1995,2005,2015,2025

Exhibit 25: Internet Users % of Total Population, Mobile Penetration Rate and Broadband Penetration Rate, 2020e

Exhibit 26: Number of Patents Granted Per Mn population, 2020e

Exhibit 27: High-technology Exports (% of manufactured exports), 2019

Exhibit 28: Doing Business in China 2020

Exhibit 29: Corruption Perception Index (Rankings) 2020

Exhibit 30: CO2 Emissions, 2016-2019


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