Construction in Ghana – Key Trends and Opportunities (H1 2021)

Ghana’s construction industry expanded marginally by 0.6% in real terms in 2020, following a contraction by 4.4% in 2019, with output value increasing from US$11.18 billion in 2019 to US$11.24 billion.

GlobalData expects Ghana’s construction industry to grow by 1.1% in 2021 and register an annual average growth rate of 3.9% between 2022 and 2025. In comparison with other economies in West Africa, Ghana’s response to the COVID-19 pandemic was much swifter, enacting earlier lockdown measures and kick-starting its ‘Ghana Beyond Aid’ initiative. The initiative aims to diversify Ghana’s manufacturing base and overhaul its taxation structure, increasing the resilience of the economy. The government held a Eurobond road show in January 2020 to raise up to US$3 billion, which provided a buffer to support the Ghanaian Cedi. The funds raised from the issuance are intended to finance infrastructure projects and help manage Ghana’s rising debt stock.

Given that Ghana is an import-driven economy, COVID-19 is expected to have negatively impacted the country’s international trade and reserves. As a result, it’s expected that the economy will suffer due to a reduction in government revenue, affecting its ability to spend on development projects. The downturn in the hydrocarbons sector will have spillover effects on the wider economy, negatively affecting infrastructure investment and related services. Some partial offset could be provided by an increase in gold production, as large-scale mining companies take advantage of the recent surge in global prices. The unplanned increase in expenditure, specifically in the health sector, resulted in a rise in public debt, with the deficit increasing to 6.6% of revised GDP, higher than the de facto fiscal rule of 5% set by the Fiscal Responsibility Law.

The construction industry’s medium-term outlook looks positive on the back of a global recovery, supported by infrastructure investment and industrialization projects under the ‘Ghana Beyond Aid’ initiative. The ‘One District, One Factory’ scheme will provide further support; according to the mid-year budget review for 2020, the scheme has 232 projects at various stages of construction, 76 of which are completed and operational. A key government priority over the medium term is the further development of the oil and gas sector. The authorities plan to revise laws on oil and gas licenses in an effort to spur production and investment. However, oil majors have drastically reduced capital expenditure and costs amid low global oil prices, so development is likely to be delayed in 2020-21.

Nonetheless, Ghana's large oil reserves are likely to attract further investment once oil prices recover. Ghana also has a relatively sophisticated automotive industry and exports to other African economies are likely to remain strong, aiding the expansion of the industrial sector. The declaration of the public private partnerships (PPP) Bill, the current version of which was first drafted in 2016, will be key in driving development in the construction industry. The PPP Bill seeks to establish an all-inclusive legal framework for the assessment, implementation and regulation of PPP arrangements and projects between public institutions and agencies and private bodies for the provision of public infrastructure and services.

This report provides detailed market analysis, information, and insights into Ghana’s construction industry, including –

– Ghana’s construction industry's growth prospects by market, project type and construction activity

– Critical insight into the impact of industry trends and issues, as well as an analysis of key risks and opportunities in Ghana’s construction industry

– Analysis of the mega-project pipeline, focusing on development stages and participants, in addition to listings of major projects in the pipeline.


This report provides a comprehensive analysis of the construction industry in Ghana. It provides –

– Historical (2016-2020) and forecast (2021-2025) valuations of the construction industry in Ghana, featuring details of key growth drivers.

– Segmentation by sector (commercial, industrial, infrastructure, energy and utilities, institutional and residential) and by sub-sector

– Analysis of the mega-project pipeline, including breakdowns by development stage across all sectors, and projected spending on projects in the existing pipeline.

– Listings of major projects, in addition to details of leading contractors and consultants

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– Assess business risks, including cost, regulatory and competitive pressures.

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Table of Contents

Table of Contents

1. Construction Outlook

2. Construction Industry: At-a-Glance

3. Latest News and Developments

4. Project Analytics

5. Construction Market Data

6. About GlobalData

6.1 Definitions

List of Tables

List of Tables

Table 1: Construction Industry Key Data

Table 2: Ghana, Top Construction Projects by Value

Table 3: Ghana, Construction Output Value (Real, US$ Million)

Table 4: Ghana, Construction Output Value (Nominal, GHS Million)

Table 5: GlobalData Construction Market Definitions

List of Figures

List of Figures

Figure 1: Ghana, Construction Output Value (Real, US$ Billion, 2017 Prices and Exchange Rate), 2016-2025

Figure 2: Ghana, Construction Output Value, by Sector (Real, US$ Million), 2016-2025

Figure 3: Africa, Construction Output (Real % Change), 2020 and 2021

Figure 4: Ghana, Construction Projects Pipeline by Sector (US$ Million)

Figure 5: Ghana, Construction Value-Add (GHS Million, 2013 Constant Prices)

Figure 6: Ghana, Real Estate Value-Add (GHS Million, 2013 Constant Prices)

Figure 7: Ghana, Prime Building Costs Index (1997=100)

Figure 8: Ghana, Construction Projects Pipeline, Value by Stage (US$ Million)


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