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Europe Renewable Energy Policy Report 2019

"Europe Renewable Energy Policy Handbook 2019" is the latest report from industry analysis specialist GlobalData, offers comprehensive information about the renewable energy policies of the European countries. The report provides a clear overview of the regulatory framework, plans, programs and incentives initiated by the individual countries to promote renewable energy sources. It provides information regarding the financial incentives, renewable energy auctions, net-metering, renewable targets and other plans implemented by the government or utilities of twenty-six countries- Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Greece, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia Federation, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine and United Kingdom.

The report uses information sourced from proprietary databases, primary and secondary research, associations, and annual reports.


The report provides the renewable framework of the European countries. Its scope includes:

• Study of regulatory framework for twenty-six key European countries – Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Greece, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia Federation, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine and United Kingdom.

• Key policies and regulations supporting the development of renewable energy.

• Information on strategy, roadmaps and other programs to achieve the renewable targets and goals.

• Financial incentives including Feed-in-tariff, Feed-in-premium, rebates, loans, grants and other tax credits and exemptions to support the implementation of the renewable energy.

Key Highlights

Reasons to Buy

The report will allow you to:

• Facilitate decision-making based on policies, plans, targets and strategies of European countries.

• Develop business strategies by understanding the regulations shaping and driving the renewable energy market

• Position yourself to gain the maximum advantage of the European country’s regulatory framework

• Identify key programs and fiscal incentives of individual country

Companies Mentioned

Table of Contents

1 Table of Contents

1.1 List of Tables

2 Executive Summary

3 Introduction

3.1 Renewable Energy Policy

3.2 GlobalData Report Guidance

4 Renewable Energy Policy, Austria

4.1 Renewable Energy Market, Overview

4.2 Renewable Energy Policy Framework

4.2.1 National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP)

4.2.2 Energy Strategy, Austria

4.2.3 Resource Energy Action Plan

4.2.4 Green Electricity Act

4.2.5 2012 Green Electricity Act

4.2.6 Feed-in Tariffs

4.2.7 Emission Reduction Target

4.3 Financial Incentives and Policy Support

4.3.1 Investment Subsidy for Hydro

4.3.2 Investment Subsidy for Off-grid Installations

4.3.3 Investment Subsidy for Small PV

4.3.4 Investment Subsidy for PV on Buildings

4.3.5 Investment subsidy for PV installations in the agricultural and forestry sector

4.3.6 Other Amendments in Green Electricity Act, 2017

5 Renewable Energy Policy, Belgium

5.1 Renewable Energy Market, Overview

5.2 Renewable Energy Policy Framework

5.2.1 National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP)

5.2.2 Energy Efficiency Policy

5.2.3 Electricity Law

5.2.4 Nuclear Policy

5.2.5 National Climate Plan

5.2.6 Green Certificates

5.2.7 Subsidies

5.2.8 Other support schemes in Belgium

5.3 Net Metering in Brussels, Flanders, and Wallonia

6 Renewable Energy Policy, Bulgaria

6.1 Renewable Energy Market, Overview

6.2 Renewable Energy Policy Framework

6.2.1 National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP)

6.2.2 European Union Energy Directives

6.2.3 Bulgaria Energy Strategy

6.2.4 Energy from Renewable Sources Act (ERSA)

6.2.5 Feed-in Tariff

6.2.6 Contracts for Difference (CfD) Scheme for Renewable Energy Companies

7 Renewable Energy Policy, Croatia

7.1 Renewable Energy Market, Overview

7.2 Renewable Energy Policy Framework

7.2.1 National renewable energy action plan, Croatia

7.2.2 Energy policy, Croatia

7.2.3 RES support policy

7.2.4 Energy Act

7.2.5 Premium Tariff support scheme

7.2.6 Renewable Energy Sources and High Efficiency Cogeneration Act

7.2.7 Regional Energy Efficiency Programme

7.2.8 Environment Protection and Energy Efficiency Fund

7.2.9 The Environmental Protection Programme of the Croatian Bank for Reconstruction and Development HBOR

8 Renewable Energy Policy, Czech Republic

8.1 Renewable Energy Market, Overview

8.2 National Renewable Energy Action Plan

8.3 National Climate Change Plan

8.4 State Energy Policy

8.5 Green Investment Scheme: New Green Savings 2014

8.6 Energy Management Act

8.7 Feed-in-tariff

8.7.1 Feed-in-tariff

8.7.2 Premium Tariff (Green Bonus)

8.8 Auctions

8.9 Tax Exemption for Renewable Energy Use

8.10 State Program to Promote Energy Savings and Use of Renewable and Secondary Energy Sources

8.11 Operation Programme Environment

8.12 Operational Programme Entrepreneurship and Innovation for Competitiveness 2014-2020 – OP PIK

9 Renewable Energy Policy, Denmark

9.1 Renewable Energy Market, Overview

9.2 Electricity Supply Act

9.3 National Renewable Energy Action Plan

9.4 Energy Strategy 2050

9.5 Promotion of Renewable Energy Act

9.6 Subsidy scheme for wind and solar power 2018-2019

9.7 Auctions

9.7.1 Mixed auction

9.7.2 Cross-border auctions

9.7.3 Solar auctions

9.8 Premium Tariff

9.8.1 Wind Power

9.8.2 Solar Power

9.8.3 Hydropower

9.8.4 Biogas and Biomass

9.9 Tenders for Offshore Wind

9.10 Net-metering

9.11 Loan guarantee for construction of wind energy plants

10 Renewable Energy Policy, Finland

10.1 Renewable Energy Market, Overview

10.2 National Energy and Climate Strategy of Finland for 2030

10.2.1 Renewable Energy Targets

10.3 Feed-in Tariffs (Premium)

10.3.1 Wind

10.3.2 Biomass

10.3.3 Biogas

10.4 Net metering

10.5 New Support Scheme for Renewable Energy (Competitive Tender)

10.6 Renewable Energy Auctions

10.7 Ban on Coal in 2029

10.8 Additional Aid for Biofuel and other Technologies

10.9 Biofuel obligation in Transport, Heating, and Machinery

10.10 Smart Metering in Finland

10.11 Centralized Information Exchange System for the Electricity Retail Market

10.12 National Energy Efficiency Action Plan

10.12.1 Energy Efficiency Agreement for Municipalities 2017–2025

10.13 Energy Aid Scheme

10.14 Methane to Markets Partnership

10.15 BioRefine Technology Program for New Biomass Products

10.16 Energy Grants for Residential Buildings

11 Renewable Energy Policy, France

11.1 Renewable Energy Market, Overview

11.2 National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP), France

11.3 Energy Transition Act

11.4 France’s Multiannual Energy Programme (Programmation pluriannuelle de l’énergie or PPE)

11.5 Current Support Environment (Incentives) for Renewable Energy in France

11.6 Feed-in Tariffs and Feed-in Premiums

11.7 The Renewable Energy Tendering System in France

11.7.1 Regulatory Frameworks are blocking the increase in Onshore Wind Capacity

11.7.2 Tenders for Offshore Wind

11.7.3 Solar Tenders under PPE

11.7.4 Solar Tender for Fessenheim Nuclear Conversion Plan

11.7.5 Auctions/Competitive Bidding

11.8 Heat Fund

11.8.1 National

11.8.2 Regional

11.9 France’s Carbon Tax and Regulation of Electricity Prices

11.10 Green Innovation Funding Program

11.11 National Strategy for Research and Development in the Field of Energy

11.12 Government Crediting and Loan Guarantee for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Investment

11.13 Renewable Energy Market Development

11.14 Tax Credit for Energy Transition (CITE)

11.15 Reduced VAT for Residential Renewable Energy Equipment

12 Renewable Energy Policy, Germany

12.1 Renewable Energy Market, Overview

12.2 Energy Act

12.3 National Renewable Energy Action Plan

12.4 Target Grid 2050 Concept

12.5 Renewable Energy Sources Act, 2017

12.6 Offshore Wind Act 2017

12.7 Renewable Energy Auctions

12.7.1 Onshore wind energy auctions

12.7.2 Offshore wind energy auctions

12.7.3 Photovoltaics auctions

12.7.4 Biomass auctions

12.7.5 Cross Border Auctions

12.7.6 Joint Auctions for Large Scale Onshore Wind and Solar Power Projects

12.7.7 Market Premium

12.8 Offshore Grid Development Plan 2030 (2017)

12.9 Emission Trading Scheme

12.10 Initiatives to Reduce Greenhouse and Carbon Dioxide Emissions

12.11 Tenants’ Solar Power Supply

12.12 Law on Energy and Climate fund

12.13 Seventh Energy Research Program- Innovations for the Energy Transition

12.14 Feed-in Tariff for Geothermal

12.15 Feed-in Tariff for Solar PV

12.16 Feed-in Tariff for Wind Power

12.17 Feed-in Tariff for Hydropower

12.18 Feed-in-Tariff for Biopower

12.19 Renewable Energies Heat Act

12.20 Market Incentive Program

12.21 KfW Renewable Energy Program

12.21.1 KfW Program for Offshore Wind Energy

12.22 Biofuel Sustainability Ordinance

12.23 Biofuel Quota

12.24 Biogas Subsidy

12.24.1 Flexibility Premium

12.24.2 Flexibility Surcharge

13 Renewable Energy Policy, Greece

13.1 Renewable Energy Market, Overview

13.2 Energy Policy, Greece

13.3 National Renewable Energy Action Plan

13.4 Generation of Electricity using Renewable Energy Sources

13.5 New Support Scheme for RES and CHP Producers (Law 4414/2016)

13.5.1 Operational Support Scheme

13.5.2 ETMEAR Levy

13.6 Feed-in-Tariffs for Renewable Energy Sources

13.6.1 Feed-in-Tariff -I

13.6.2 Feed-in-Tariff -II

13.6.3 Feed-in-Tariff –III (Feed-In premium exemptions)

13.7 Premium Tariff (Feed-in Premium)

13.8 Renewable Energy Auctions

13.9 The Development Law

13.9.1 Subsidies

13.9.2 Tax Regulation Mechanism

13.10 Licensing Procedure for Renewable Energy

13.11 National Operational Program for Competitiveness II

13.12 Net Metering

13.12.1 Virtual Net Metering

13.13 Biofuel Quota

14 Renewable Energy Policy, Ireland

14.1 Renewable Energy Market, Overview

14.2 Renewable Energy Support Scheme

14.2.1 Auction Design

14.3 National Renewable Energy Action Plan

14.3.1 Feed-In Tariff

14.3.2 Biofuel Obligation

14.4 Solar PV Pilot Scheme

14.5 Offshore Renewable Energy Development Plan

14.6 Micro generation Support Scheme

14.7 White Paper for Sustainable Future of Ireland

14.8 Climate Change targets

14.8.1 Renewable Energy Targets, Ireland

14.8.2 Carbon Tax

14.9 Project Ireland 2040

14.9.1 National Development Plan, 2018–2027 and National Planning Framework

14.10 Better Energy Homes Scheme

15 Renewable Energy Policy, Italy

15.1 Renewable Energy Market, Overview

15.2 Renewable Energy for Heating and Cooling and Small Interventions Increasing Energy Efficiency Support Scheme

15.3 National Energy Strategy 2030

15.4 National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP)

15.5 Renewable Energy Development

15.6 Feed-in Premium for Renewable Energy Sources Other Than Photovoltaic

15.7 Regular Feed-in Tariffs

15.7.1 Feed-in-tariff I

15.7.2 Feed-in-tariff II

15.8 Decree on the Cut of Incentives for Photovoltaic Plants

15.9 Feed-in Premium for Solar Thermodynamic Energy

15.10 Net-Metering Scheme

15.11 Tendering (Auction) Process

15.12 New Energy Strategy, 2020–2030

15.13 New Regulation to Promote Solar and Renewables in Non–Interconnected Islands

15.14 Kyoto Fund

15.15 Biomethane subsidies

15.16 Biodiesel Aid Scheme

15.17 National Energy Strategy 2017

15.18 Tax Regulation Mechanism I

15.19 Tax Regulation Mechanism II

15.20 Tax Credit for energy efficiency measures

15.21 Biofuel Quota Obligation

15.22 White certificates

16 Renewable Energy Policy, Netherlands

16.1 Renewable Energy Market, Overview

16.2 National Renewable Action Plan

16.3 Offshore Wind Energy Act

16.4 Offshore Wind Tender Regulation

16.5 Offshore Wind Tenders (Auctions)

16.6 Offshore Wind Energy 2030 Roadmap

16.7 Energy Agreement for Sustainable Growth

16.8 Topsector Energie – the Support Scheme for Innovative Energy Projects

16.9 New CO2 reduction Target in Netherlands

16.10 Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS)

16.11 Ban on Coal Power Plants by 2030

16.12 Carbon Floor Price

16.13 Subsidies for Co-firing of Biomass in Coal based Plants to end after 2024

16.14 Phase-out of Natural Gas

16.15 Feed-in Premium Program SDE+

16.16 SDE+ 2018

16.17 Net-Metering

16.18 “Terugleversubsidie” – A Scheme to end Net Metering from 2020

16.19 Tax regulation mechanism I (Reduction of Environmental Protection tax)

16.20 Tax regulation mechanism II (Energy Investment Allowance, EIA scheme)

16.21 MIA/Vamil: Tax Relief Schemes for Environmentally Friendly Investments

16.22 Environment Related Budget Proposals for 2019

16.23 Biofuel Quota

16.24 Green Certificate Trading

16.25 Green Fund Scheme

16.26 Guarantee Scheme for Geothermal Energy

16.27 Grants and Tax Breaks for Green Electricity

16.28 Green Bonds

16.29 Green Bonds to be issued in 2019

17 Renewable Energy Policy, Norway

17.1 Renewable Energy Market, Overview

17.2 Norway–Sweden Green Certificate Scheme for Electricity Production (Quota System)

17.3 Guarantees of Origin (GO)

17.4 National Renewable Energy Action Plan

17.5 Energi21

17.6 ENERGIX program: Research Council of Norway

17.7 Act on Offshore Renewable Energy Production (The Offshore Energy Act)

17.8 Centers for Environmentally-Friendly Energy Research

17.9 White Paper on Energy Policies, Norway

17.10 Horizon 2020: the EU Framework Programme for Research

17.11 Strategy for Small Scale Hydropower Plants

17.12 Policy Support for Energy Efficiency

17.12.1 Implementation of EU Directives on Energy Efficiency

17.12.2 Automobile Fuel Economy

17.12.3 Information and Advice on Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

17.12.4 Investment aid for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Measures through Enova SF

17.13 Transnova

18 Renewable Energy Policy, Poland

18.1 Renewable Energy Market, Overview

18.2 Renewable Energy Sources Act (RES Act)

18.2.1 Amendments under the RES Act

18.3 Renewable Energy Auctions

18.4 Feed-in-Tariff

18.5 Feed-in-Premium

18.6 Declarations under COP24

18.7 Loan-National Fund for Environmental Protection and Water Management

18.8 BOCIAN-support for distributed energy sources

18.9 National Renewable Energy Action Plan

18.10 Direction of development for agricultural biogas plants in Poland 2010–2020

18.11 Polish Energy Policy 2030

18.12 Polish Energy Policy 2040 (Drafted)

18.13 Green Investment Scheme

18.14 Improving Air Quality Programme

18.15 Energy Law Act

18.16 Quota System (Renewable Portfolio Standards)

18.17 Renewable Energy Tax Excise 2002

18.18 Subsidy (National Fund for Environmental Protection and Water Management – Prosumer)

18.19 Environmental Protection Law

18.20 Energy Efficiency Action Plan

19 Renewable Energy Policy, Portugal

19.1 Renewable Energy Market, Overview

19.2 Renewable Energy Guidelines

19.3 National Renewable Energy Action Plan

19.4 Green Growth Commitment 2030

19.5 Feed-in Tariffs

19.6 Renewable Energy Auctions

19.7 Emissions Trading System (ETS)

19.8 Carbon Capture and Storage

20 Renewable Energy Policy, Romania

20.1 Renewable Energy Market, Overview

20.2 Power Sector Reforms

20.3 National Renewable Energy Action Plan

20.4 National Strategy for Sustainable Development 2030

20.5 Renewable Energy Law

20.6 Quota System

20.7 Subsidy Schemes

20.7.1 Measure 4 “Investments in physical assets”

20.7.2 Scheme to support less exploited energy sources

20.8 Biofuel Quota

21 Renewable Energy Policy, Russian Federation

21.1 Renewable Energy Market, Overview

21.2 Decree No. 449 on the Mechanism for the Promotion of Renewable Energy on the Wholesale Electricity and Market

21.2.1 Auction Process and Localization Requirements

21.2.2 Renewable Energy Auction Results

21.3 Renewable Energy Targets

21.4 Russia Renewable Energy Program

21.5 Federal Program for Energy Savings and Energy Efficiency

21.6 Energy Strategy of Russia to 2030

21.7 National Climate Doctrine

21.8 Premium and Certificates Scheme

21.9 Russia’s Climate Plan

22 Renewable Energy Policy, Slovakia

22.1 Renewable Energy Market, Overview

22.2 Act No. 251/2012 on Energy and amendments to certain acts

22.3 Act No. 250/2012 on Regulatory Office for Network Industries

22.4 National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP)

22.5 Energy Policy 2014 (2035 and 2050 Horizon)

22.6 Act No. 309/2009 on Support of RES and High Efficiency CHP

22.7 Major Reform to Slovakia’s Renewable Energy Sources Act

22.8 Implementation of Auctions for Renewable Energy Development

22.9 Feed-in Tariffs

22.10 ‘Green to the Households’ Program

22.11 Subsidy (Operational Programme Quality of Environment)

22.12 Tax Regulation Mechanism (Exemption from excise tax)

22.13 Regulation no. 295/2011 on the promotion of RES and high efficient cogeneration

22.14 Act No. 587/2004 on Environmental Fund

22.15 Slovak Energy Efficiency and RES Finance Facility (SLOVSEFF III)

23 Renewable Energy Policy, Slovenia

23.1 Renewable Energy Market, Overview

23.2 National Renewable Action Plan

23.3 Renewable Energy Support Policy

23.4 The RES and CHP Support Schemes – Competitive Tender and FiTs

23.4.1 Eligibility and Bidding Procedure

23.5 Premium tariffs

23.6 Net-Metering System

23.7 Loan (Eko Fund)

23.8 Subsidy Scheme of the Ministry for Infrastructure

23.9 Grid Requirements for Renewable Power Producers

24 Renewable Energy Policy, Spain

24.1 Renewable Energy Market, Overview

24.2 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Major Policies and Incentives

24.2.1 Renewable Energy, Targets

24.2.2 New Climate Change Plan

24.2.3 Legislation Enacted in 2012 and 2013

24.2.4 The Royal Decree Law 1/2012

24.2.5 The Royal Decree Law 13/2012

24.2.6 The Royal Decree Law 15/2012

24.2.7 Royal Decree 900/2015 on Self-consumption

24.2.8 Royal Decree 413/2014 on Electricity Generation

24.2.9 Suspension of Solar Power Tax

24.2.10 Sustainable Economy Act

24.2.11 Feed-in Tariffs for Renewable Power

24.2.12 Feed-in Premiums

24.2.13 Auctions for Renewable Energy

24.2.14 Tax Regulation Mechanisms

24.2.15 Energy Saving and Diversification Investment Fund

24.2.16 Certification Program for RES Installation

24.3 PAREER Program

24.4 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Solar Power

24.5 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Wind Power

24.5.1 Mandatory Local Content Requirement

24.5.2 Grid Connection of Small Wind Turbines

24.5.3 Offshore Wind Power Regulations

24.5.4 Offshore Wind Power Demonstration Projects

24.6 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Bioenergy

24.7 Policy Support for Energy Efficiency

24.7.1 Technical Building Code

24.7.2 Energy Saving and Efficiency Action Plan

25 Renewable Energy Policy, Sweden

25.1 Renewable Energy Market, Overview

25.2 National Renewable Energy Action Plan

25.3 Green Certificate Scheme

25.3.1 Quota Obligation

25.4 Subsidy for Photovoltaic Installations

25.5 2018 solar rebate scheme

25.6 Cancellation of Solar Tax for commercial PV

25.7 Removal of the building permit for solar systems

25.8 Tax Regulation Mechanism I

25.9 Tax Regulation Mechanism II

25.10 Tax Regulation Mechanism III

25.11 Energy Efficiency

25.12 Municipal energy and Climate advisory service

25.13 New support to municipalities for more wind power

25.14 Vehicle fleet independent of fossil fuel by 2030

25.15 Energy, and CO2 tax

25.16 Carbon Tax 2018

26 Renewable Energy Policy, Switzerland

26.1 Renewable Energy Market, Overview

26.2 Electricity Supply Act (ESA)

26.3 Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) to the Paris Agreement

26.4 Energy Strategy 2050

26.4.1 Increasing energy efficiency:

26.4.2 Renewable energy promotions:

26.4.3 Ban on new nuclear power plants

26.4.4 Measures in the field of power grids

26.4.5 The Swiss Energy Programme

26.4.6 Electricity Grid Strategy

26.5 Switzerland Planning to Harness Solar Power at Mountain Level Elevations

26.6 Action Plan for a Coordinated Swiss Energy Research

26.7 Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs

26.7.1 Wind Energy

26.7.2 Solar

26.7.3 Geothermal Energy

26.7.4 Hydropower

26.7.5 Biomass

26.7.6 Biogas

26.8 Nature-made Labeling Scheme

26.9 Obligation for Carbon Dioxide Compensation by Fuel Importers

26.10 Technology Fund for Innovative Technologies

26.11 Incentive Scheme for Solar plus storage

26.12 Mineral Oil Tax Exemption for Biofuels

26.13 Tenders for efficient use of electricity

26.14 Risk Guarantee Scheme for Geothermal Power Projects

26.15 Energy Research Program

27 Renewable Energy Policy, Turkey

27.1 Renewable Energy Market, Overview

27.2 Regulatory Authorities

27.3 Electricity Market Law

27.4 Natural Gas Market Law

27.5 Omnibus Law

27.6 Energy Strategy for the 2015–2019 period

27.7 The Use of Renewable Energy Resources for the Generation of Electrical Energy (Law No. 5346)

27.8 National Climate Change Action Plan

27.9 Intended Nationally Determined Condition (INDC)

27.10 COP24

27.11 Law on Geothermal Sources and Natural Mineral Water

27.12 Renewable Energy Law, 2010

27.13 Feed-in Tariff

27.14 Renewable Energy Auctions

27.15 Electricity Market Licensing Regulation

27.15.1 Amendments to Electricity Market Licensing Regulation

27.16 Climate Investment Funds

27.17 Energy Efficiency Law, 2007 (Law No. 5627)

27.18 Support Scheme for Energy Efficiency in Industry

27.19 Improving Energy Efficiency in Building Sector

27.20 Improving Energy Efficiency in All Sectors

28 Renewable Energy Policy, UK

28.1 Renewable Energy Market, Overview

28.2 Electricity Market Reform 2011

28.3 Renewable Energy Targets

28.4 Climate Change Act

28.4.1 Ambitious 2030 Carbon Reduction target

28.5 Renewable Energy Strategy 2009

28.6 Renewable Energy Guarantees of Origin

28.7 Renewable Obligation Order

28.8 Contracts for Difference

28.9 Impact of Brexit on UK energy Industry

28.10 Carbon Emissions Tax 2018

28.11 Carbon Price Floor

28.12 Carbon Price Support

28.13 Climate Change Levy

28.14 UK green energy investment halves after policy changes

28.15 Feed-in-Tariffs

28.15.1 Solar Power FiT

28.15.2 Wind Power FiT

28.15.3 Hydropower FiT

28.15.4 Biopower FiT

28.16 Feed in tariffs to end in 2019

28.17 Policy Support for Energy Efficiency

28.17.1 Carbon Reduction Commitment Energy Efficiency Scheme

28.17.2 Enhanced Capital Allowances

29 Renewable Energy Policy, Ukraine

29.1 Renewable Energy Market, Overview

29.1.1 Key Electricity Policies, Ukraine

29.1.2 Rules of the Wholesale Electricity Market of Ukraine vide Resolution of NERC No 921, September 12, 2003 (Radchenko et al., 2015) Market Liberalization

29.2 Ukraine's Electricity Market Law (Law no 4493)

29.3 Law on Alternative Energy Sources

29.3.1 Objective

29.3.2 Regulation

29.4 National Renewable Energy Action Plan

29.5 Feed-in Tariffs (Green Tariffs)

29.6 Auctions for Renewable Energy Projects

29.7 Other Renewable Energy Programs

29.8 Energy Efficiency

30 Appendix

30.1 Market Definitions

30.1.1 Power

30.1.2 Installed Capacity

30.1.3 Electricity Generation

30.1.4 Electricity Consumption

30.1.5 Thermal Power Plant

30.1.6 Hydropower Plant

30.1.7 Nuclear Power

30.1.8 Renewable Energy Resources

30.2 Abbreviations

30.3 Bibliography

30.4 Methodology

30.5 Coverage

30.5.1 Secondary Research

30.5.2 Primary Research

30.5.3 Modeling and Forecasting

30.6 Contact Us

30.7 Disclaimer

List of Tables

1.1 List of Tables

Table 1: Renewable Energy Policy, Europe

Table 2: NREAP Target by Renewable Energy Technology, Austria, 2015–2020

Table 3: Power Market, Austria, Energy Strategy Targets by Sector

Table 4: Power Market, Austria, Energy Strategy Targets by Technology

Table 5: Renewable Energy Policy, Austria, Feed-in Tariffs, 2018

Table 6: Investment Subsidy for Off-grid Installations, Austria, Eligibility by Renewable Source, 2018

Table 7: Investment Subsidy for PV on Buildings, Austria, Fixed Tariff by Size, 2015–2017

Table 8: Power Market, Belgium, Energy Efficiency Targets 2020

Table 9: Belgium, Multiplicative Coefficients for Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Installations

Table 10: Belgium, Quotas for Green Energy Certificates

Table 11: Belgium, Amount allocated as subsidies

Table 12: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs, Bulgaria, Eligible Technologies, 2018

Table 13: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs, Bulgaria, Amount, 2018

Table 14: Renewable Energy, Croatia, Capacity targets, 2015–2020

Table 15: Renewable Energy Market, Czech Republic, Feed in Tariffs

Table 16: Renewable Energy Market, Czech Republic, Premium Tariffs

Table 17: Renewable Energy Auctions, Denmark, 2016-2018

Table 18: Denmark, Results of renewable auctions, 2018

Table 19: Power Market, Finland, Energy Saving Targets

Table 20: Power Market, Finland, Investment Aid in Renewable Energy Projects (%), 2018

Table 21: Renewable Energy, Policy Environment Summary, France

Table 22: Renewable Energy, Multiannual Energy Programme (Programmation pluriannuelle de l’énergie or PPE), France

Table 23: Renewable Energy, Overview of Current Support Schemes, France

Table 24: Renewable Energy, Feed-in Tariffs and Premiums, France, 2018

Table 25: Renewable Energy, Tender Categories for Renewable Energy Systems, France, 2012–2019

Table 26: Renewable Energy, Tenders for Onshore Wind, France, 2016–2020

Table 27: Renewable Energy, Tenders for Offshore Wind, France, 2011–2018

Table 28: Renewable Energy, Tenders for Solar Tenders under PPE, France, 2019–2024

Table 29: Renewable Energy, Awarded/Announced Renewable Energy Auctions ($/MWh), France, 2017–June 2020

Table 30: Expansion Corridor Targets, Germany, 2020–2050

Table 31: Renewable Energy Auctions, Germany, 2015-2018

Table 32: Germany, Solar PV Auction Results, 2015-2018

Table 33: Biopower Market, Germany, Auctions, 2017–2018

Table 34: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariff, Germany, Solar Power

Table 35: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariff, Germany, Wind Power

Table 36: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariff, Germany, Hydropower

Table 37: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariff, Germany, Biopower

Table 38: Renewable Energy Policy, Greece, Renewable Energy Targets (%), 2020

Table 39: ETMEAR Rates per Voltage Level, Greece, 2015–2017

Table 40: Renewable Energy Policy, Greece, Wind Energy, Feed-in Tariffs

Table 41: Renewable Energy Policy, Greece, Solar PV, Feed-in-Tariffs

Table 42: Renewable Energy Policy, Greece, Concentrated Solar Power (CSP), Feed-in-Tariffs

Table 43: Renewable Energy Policy, Greece, Geothermal Energy, Feed-in Tariffs

Table 44: Renewable Energy Policy, Greece, Biomass and Biofuel, Feed-in Tariffs

Table 45: Renewable Energy Policy, Greece, Hydro Power, Feed-in Tariffs

Table 46: Renewable Energy Policy, Greece, Existing Hydro Power, Feed-in Tariffs

Table 47: Renewable Energy Policy, Greece, Feed-In Tariffs ( Feed-in premium exemptions)

Table 48: Renewable Energy Policy, Greece, Feed-In Premium

Table 49: Renewable Energy Auctions, Greece, 2018

Table 50: RESS Auction Stages, Ireland

Table 51: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariff, Ireland, 2016–2018

Table 52: Renewable and Energy Efficiency Targets, Ireland, 2020

Table 53: Renewable Energy Targets (%), Italy, 2020

Table 54: Maximum Time to Reach Operation from Registration (Months), Italy, 2017

Table 55: Premium Tariffs for Renewable Technologies, Italy, 2017

Table 56: Regular Feed-in Tariffs for Renewable Technologies, Italy, 2017

Table 57: Premium Tariff for Solar Thermodynamic Energy, Italy, 2017

Table 58: Price and Volume Caps for Renewable Energy Tenders, Italy, 2016

Table 59: Upcoming Renewable Auctions, Italy, 2019-2021

Table 60: Renewable Energy Targets (%), Netherlands, 2020

Table 61: Renewable Energy Auctions (€/MWh and $/MWh), Netherlands, 2016–2018

Table 62: Power Market, Netherlands, Renewable Energy Subsidy Available under Spring SDE+ Scheme (€ and $), March 2018–April 2018

Table 63: Power Market, Netherlands, Renewable Energy Subsidy Available under Autumn SDE+ Scheme (€ and $), October 2018–November 2018

Table 64: Biofuel Obligations for Fuel Suppliers Based on Energy Content (%), Netherlands, 2010–2020

Table 65: Renewable Energy Quota (MWh), Norway, 2017–2035

Table 66:Auction baskets, Poland, 2018

Table 67: Renewable Energy Auctions, Poland, 2016–2018

Table 68:Reference prices for the installation of renewable energy sources, Poland, 2018

Table 69:Renewable Energy Market, Maximum Cost of Installation, Poland

Table 70: Renewable Energy Loan Beneficiaries, Poland, 2017

Table 71: Renewable Energy Targets (%), Poland, 2020

Table 72: Renewable Energy Share Levels, Poland, 2013–2021

Table 73: National Renewable Energy Action Plan, Portugal, Renewable Energy Targets (%), 2020

Table 74: Renewable Energy Feed-in-Tariffs, Portugal

Table 75: Annual quota of E-RES (%), Romania, 2010–2020

Table 76: Allocation of Green Certificates , Romania, 2017

Table 77: Minimum Local Content Requirement (%), Russia, 2014–2021

Table 78: Annual Limits on Renewable Capacity Addition (MW), Russia, 2014–2020

Table 79: Renewable Energy Auction, Russia, 2013- 2018

Table 80: Renewable Energy, Sectoral Structure and Policy Environment, 2019

Table 81: Slovakia, Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs (€/kWh and $/kWh), 2019

Table 82: Renewable Energy, Slovenia, Standard Feed-in Tariffs (€/MWh and $/MWh)

Table 83: Renewable Energy Market, Sweden, Quota Obligation per MWh of electricity sold or consumed, 2018–2045

Table 84: Renewable Energy Market, Sweden, Energy Tax

Table 85: Renewable Energy Market, Sweden, Energy and CO2 Tax Deductions

Table 86: CO2 tax rates, Sweden, 2018

Table 87: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs, Wind Energy, Switzerland, 2018

Table 88: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs, Solar Energy, Switzerland, 2016–2019

Table 89: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs, Geothermal Energy, Switzerland, 2017

Table 90: Current and Proposed Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs, Geothermal Energy (CHF/kWh and $/kWh), Switzerland, 2018–2019

Table 91: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs, Hydropower, Base Payment, Switzerland, 2019

Table 92: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs, Hydropower, Compression Bonus, Switzerland, 2019

Table 93: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs, Hydropower, Hydraulic Engineering Bonus, Switzerland, 2019

Table 94: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs, Biomass, Base Payment, Switzerland, 2019

Table 95: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs, Biomass, Wood Bonus, Switzerland, 2019

Table 96: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs, Biomass, Agriculture Bonus, Switzerland, 2019

Table 97: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs, Biogas, Switzerland, 2019

Table 98: Turkey, Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs and Local Content Bonus (€c/kWh and $c/kWh), 2019

Table 99: Turkey, Renewable Power Market, Additional Price Incentive for Renewable Power Plants using Local Components

Table 100: Renewable Energy Auctions, Turkey, 2017-2018

Table 101: Renewable Obligation, Technology Eligibility, UK

Table 102: Renewable Obligation (ROC/MWh), UK, 2009–2019

Table 103: Renewable Energy, CFD First Allocation Round Results , UK, 2015

Table 104: Renewable Energy, CFD Second Allocation Round Results , UK, 2017

Table 105: Climate Change Levy (£/kWh/kg), UK, 2016–2019

Table 106: Percentage Discount for CCA holders (%), UK, 2016–2019

Table 107: Carbon Price Support Rates* for Climate Change Levy, UK, 2015–2019

Table 108: Solar Power Feed-in Tariffs, UK (GBP/kWh), 2017–2019

Table 109: Solar Power Feed-in Tariffs, UK ($/kWh), 2017–2019

Table 110: Wind Power Feed-in Tariffs, UK (GBP/kWh), 2017–2019

Table 111: Wind Power Feed-in Tariffs, UK ($/kWh), 2017–2019

Table 112: Hydropower Feed-in Tariffs, UK (GBP/kWh), 2017–2019

Table 113: Hydropower Feed-in Tariffs, UK ($/kWh), 2017–2019

Table 114: Biopower Feed-in Tariffs, UK (GBP/kWh), 2017–2019

Table 115: Biopower Feed-in Tariffs, UK ($/kWh), 2017–2019

Table 116: Renewable Energy Market, Green Coefficients, Ukarine, 2019

Table 117: Abbreviations

List of Figures


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