Europe Renewable Energy Policy Handbook 2017

"Europe Renewable Energy Policy Handbook 2017” is among the latest country specific policy reports from GlobalData, the industry analysis specialist that offers comprehensive information on major policies governing renewable energy market in the region.

The report provides the current and future renewable energy targets and plans along with the present policy framework, giving a fair idea of overall growth potential of the renewable energy industry. The report also provides major technology specific policies and incentives provided in the region.

The report is built using data and information sourced from industry associations, government websites and statutory bodies. The information is also sourced through other secondary research sources such as industry and trade magazines.

Scope

The report covers policy measures and incentives used by Europe to promote renewable energy.

The report details promotional measures in Europe both for the overall renewable energy industry and for specific renewable energy technologies that have potential in the region.

Key Highlights

Reasons to buy

The report will enhance your decision making capability in a more rapid and time sensitive manner. It will allow you to:

Develop business strategies with the help of specific insights about policy decisions being taken for different renewable energy sources.

Identify opportunities and challenges in exploiting various renewable technologies.

Compare the level of support provided to different renewable energy technologies in Europe.

Be ahead of competition by keeping yourself abreast of all the latest policy changes.

Companies mentioned

Table of Contents

1 Table of Contents

1 Table of Contents 1

1.1 List of Tables 12

2 Executive Summary 14

3 Introduction 16

3.1 Renewable Energy Policy 16

3.2 GlobalData Report Guidance 16

4 Renewable Energy Policy, Austria 17

4.1 Overview 17

4.2 Renewable Energy Policy Framework 17

4.3 Financial Incentives and Policy Support 21

5 Renewable Energy Policy, Belgium 23

5.1 Renewable Energy Market, Overview 23

5.2 Renewable Energy Policy Framework 24

5.3 Net Metering in Brussels, Flanders, and Wallonia 27

6 Renewable Energy Policy, Bulgaria 28

6.1 Renewable Energy Market, Overview 28

6.2 Renewable Energy Policy Framework 28

7 Renewable Energy Policy, Croatia 32

7.1 Renewable Energy Market, Overview 32

7.2 Renewable Energy Policy Framework 32

8 Renewable Energy Policy, Czech Republic 36

8.1 Renewable Energy Market, Overview 36

8.2 National Renewable Energy Action Plan 36

8.3 Green Investment Scheme: New Green Savings 2014 36

8.4 Feed-in tariff 37

9 Renewable Energy Policy, Denmark 40

9.1 Renewable Energy Market, Overview 40

9.2 Net-metering 40

9.3 Feed-in Tariffs 40

9.4 Support for Wind Power 42

9.5 Support for Wave Power 43

10 Renewable Energy Policy, Finland 44

10.1 Renewable Energy Market, Overview 44

10.2 Feed-in Tariffs 44

11 Renewable Energy Policy, France 48

11.1 Renewable Energy Market, Overview 48

11.2 Energy Transition Act 48

11.3 Feed-in Tariff and Feed-in Premium 48

12 Renewable Energy Policy, Germany 56

12.1 Renewable Energy Market, Overview 56

12.2 Energy Act 56

12.3 National Renewable Energy Action Plan 57

12.4 Target Grid 2050 Concept 57

12.5 Renewable Energy Sources Act, 2017 57

12.6 Offshore Development Plan 59

12.7 Offshore Wind Act 2017 60

12.8 Emission Trading Scheme 60

12.9 Initiatives to Reduce Greenhouse and Carbon Dioxide Emissions 61

12.10 Ground-mounted PV Auction Ordinance 61

12.11 Law on Energy and Climate fund 62

12.12 Sixth Energy Research Program 62

12.13 Subsidy for Solar PV with Storage Installations 62

12.14 Feed-in Tariff for Geothermal 62

12.15 Feed-in Tariff for Solar PV under the EEG 62

12.16 Feed-in Tariff for Wind Power under EEG 63

12.17 Feed-in Tariff for Hydropower under EEG 63

12.18 Renewable Energies Heat Act 64

12.19 Market Incentive Program 64

12.20 KfW Renewable Energy Program 64

12.21 Biofuel Sustainability Ordinance 65

12.22 Biofuel Quota 65

12.23 Biogas Subsidy 66

13 Renewable Energy Policy, Greece 67

13.1 Renewable Energy Market, Overview 67

13.2 Energy Policy, Greece 67

13.3 Development Schemes for Renewable Energy Sources 68

13.4 National Renewable Energy Action Plan 68

13.5 Generation of Electricity using Renewable Energy Sources 69

13.6 Renewable Energy Laws 70

13.7 Licensing Procedure for Renewable Energy 70

13.8 National Operational Program for Competitiveness II 71

13.9 Feed-in-Tariffs for Renewable Energy Sources 71

14 Renewable Energy Policy, Ireland 75

14.1 Renewable Energy Market, Overview 75

14.2 Offshore Renewable Energy Development Plan 75

14.3 National Renewable Energy Action Plan 76

14.4 Micro generation Support Scheme 78

14.5 White Paper for Sustainable Future of Ireland 78

14.6 Combined Heat and Power Deployment Programme 79

15 Renewable Energy Policy, Italy 81

15.1 Renewable Energy Market, Overview 81

15.2 Renewable Energy for Heating and Cooling and Small Interventions Increasing Energy Efficiency Support Scheme 81

15.3 65% Tax Rebate Scheme 81

15.4 National Energy Strategy 2030 81

15.5 National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP) 82

15.6 Renewable Energy Development 83

15.7 Feed-in Premium for Renewable Energy Sources Other Than Photovoltaic 83

15.8 All-Inclusive Feed-in Tariffs 85

15.9 Decree on the Cut of Incentives for Photovoltaic Plants 85

15.10 Feed-in Tariff for Solar Thermodynamic Energy 85

15.11 Net-Metering Scheme 86

16 Renewable Energy Policy, Netherlands 89

16.1 Renewable Energy Market, Overview 89

16.2 Offshore Wind Energy Act 89

16.3 Offshore Wind Tender Regulation 89

16.4 Offshore Wind Tenders 89

16.5 Energy Agreement for Sustainable Growth 90

16.6 Feed-in Premium Program SDE+ 90

16.7 Loan 93

16.8 Net-Metering 93

17 Renewable Energy Policy, Norway 97

17.1 Renewable Energy Market, Overview 97

17.2 Norway–Sweden Green Certificate Scheme for Electricity Production 97

17.3 Quota system 98

17.4 National Renewable Energy Action Plan 99

18 Renewable Energy Policy, Poland 103

18.1 Renewable Energy Market, Overview 103

18.2 Renewable energy law, Poland 104

18.3 BOCIAN-support for distributed energy sources 104

18.4 National Renewable Energy Action Plan 105

19 Renewable Energy Policy, Portugal 112

19.1 Renewable Energy Market, Overview 112

19.2 Power Sector Reforms 112

19.3 Renewable Energy Guidelines 112

19.4 Green Growth Commitment 2030 112

19.5 Feed-in Tariffs 113

20 Renewable Energy Policy, Romania 116

20.1 Renewable Energy Market, Overview 116

20.2 Power Sector Reforms 116

20.3 National Renewable Energy Action Plan 117

20.4 National Strategy for Sustainable Development- Horizons 2013–2020–2030 117

20.5 Renewable Energy Law 118

21 Renewable Energy Policy, Russian Federation 121

21.1 Renewable Energy Market, Overview 121

21.2 Decree No. 449 on the Mechanism for the Promotion of Renewable Energy on the Wholesale Electricity and Market 122

21.3 Russia Renewable Energy Program 124

21.4 Federal Program for Energy Savings and Energy Efficiency 124

21.5 Energy Strategy of Russia to 2030 124

21.6 State Policy Guidelines for Promoting Renewable Energy in the Power Sector 124

22 Renewable Energy Policy, Slovakia 126

22.1 Renewable Energy Market, Overview 126

22.2 National Renewable Energy Action Plan 126

22.3 Energy Policy 2014 (2035 and 2050 Horizon) 127

22.4 Feed-in Tariffs 127

23 Renewable Energy Policy, Slovenia 133

23.1 Renewable Energy Market, Overview 133

23.2 Energy Law 133

23.3 National Renewable Action Plan 133

23.4 Net-Metering System 134

23.5 Feed-in Tariff System 134

24 Renewable Energy Policy, Spain 139

24.1 Renewable Energy Market, Overview 139

24.2 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Major Policies and Incentives 139

24.3 PAREER Program 145

24.4 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Solar Power 146

24.5 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Wind Power 146

24.6 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Bioenergy 147

25 Renewable Energy Policy, Sweden 149

25.1 Renewable Energy Market, Overview 149

25.2 National Renewable Energy Action Plan 149

25.3 Green Certificate Scheme 149

25.4 Subsidy for Photovoltaic Installations 151

26 Renewable Energy Policy, Switzerland 154

26.1 Renewable Energy Market, Overview 154

26.2 Energy Strategy 2050 154

26.3 Electricity Supply Act 155

26.4 The Swiss Energy Programme 155

26.5 Action Plan for a Coordinated Swiss Energy Research 155

26.6 Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs 156

27 Renewable Energy Policy, Turkey 162

27.1 Renewable Energy Market, Overview 162

27.2 Electricity Market Law 163

27.3 Natural Gas Market Law 163

27.4 Energy Strategy for the 2015–2019 period 163

27.5 The Use of Renewable Energy Resources for the Generation of Electrical Energy (Law No. 5346) 163

27.6 National Climate Change Action Plan 164

27.7 Law on Geothermal Resources and Natural Mineral Water 164

27.8 Renewable Energy Law, 2010 165

27.9 Feed-in Tariff 165

28 Renewable Energy Policy, UK 169

28.1 Renewable Energy Market, Overview 169

28.2 Electricity Market Reform 2011 170

28.3 Carbon Price Floor, 2016 170

28.4 Renewable Energy Targets 171

28.5 Climate Change Act 171

28.6 Renewable Energy Strategy 2009 171

28.7 Renewable Energy Guarantees of Origin 172

28.8 Renewable Obligation Order 173

28.9 Contracts for Difference 174

28.10 Feed-in-Tariffs 177

28.11 Climate Change Levy 182

28.12 Policy Support for Energy Efficiency 183

29 Renewable Energy Policy, Ukraine 186

29.1 Renewable Energy Market, Overview 186

29.2 Law on Alternative Energy Sources 187

29.3 National Renewable Energy Action Plan 188

29.4 Feed-in Tariff Program and the Green Tariff Law 188

30 Appendix 192

30.1 Market Definitions 192

30.2 Abbreviations 193

30.3 Bibliography 196

30.4 Methodology 201

30.5 Coverage 201

30.5.1 Secondary Research 202

30.5.2 Primary Research 202

30.5.3 Modeling and Forecasting 202

30.6 Contact Us 203

30.7 Disclaimer 203

List of Tables

1.1 List of Tables

Table 1: Renewable Energy Policy, Europe 16

Table 2: Renewable Energy Policy, Austria, Feed-in Tariffs, 2016 20

Table 3: NREAP Target by Renewable Energy Technology, Austria, 2015–2020 21

Table 4: Power Market, Austria, Energy Strategy Targets by Sector 21

Table 5: Power Market, Austria, Energy Strategy Targets by Technology 22

Table 6: Investment Subsidy for Off-grid Installations, Austria, Eligibility by Renewable Source, 2015 23

Table 7: Investment Subsidy for PV on Buildings, Austria, Fixed Tariff by Size, 2015–2017 23

Table 8: Power Market, Belgium, Energy Efficiency Targets 2020 25

Table 9: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs, Bulgaria, Eligible Technologies, 2016 31

Table 10: Power Market, Bulgaria, Feed-in Tariffs ($/MWh), 2016 32

Table 11: Renewable Energy, Croatia, Capacity targets, 2015–2020 34

Table 12: Renewable Energy Market, Sweden, Quota Obligation per MWh, 2016–2035 38

Table 13: Renewable Energy Policy, Denmark, Feed-in Tariffs for Biopower, 2016–2018 43

Table 14: Renewable Energy Policy, Finland, Feed-in Tariff for Biopower, 2016 46

Table 15: Power Market, Finland, Energy Saving Targets 47

Table 16: Renewable Energy, Feed-in Tariffs (€/kWh), France, 2017 51

Table 17: Renewable Energy, Tenders for PV systems, France, 2016–2019 52

Table 18: Expansion Corridor Targets, Germany, 2020–2050 59

Table 19: Tender Rules and Legal Requirements, Germany 60

Table 20: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariff, Germany, Solar Power, March 2016 64

Table 21: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariff, Germany, Wind Power, 2012 64

Table 22: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariff, Germany, Hydropower, 2014 65

Table 23: ETMEAR Rates (€) per Voltage Level, Greece, 2015–2016 69

Table 24: Renewable Energy Policy, Greece, Renewable Energy Targets (%), 2020 70

Table 25: Renewable Energy Policy, Greece, Wind Energy, Feed-in Tariffs, 2016 72

Table 26: Renewable Energy Policy, Greece, Photovoltaic Energy, Feed-in Tariffs, 2016 73

Table 27: Renewable Energy Policy, Greece, Geothermal Energy, Feed-in Tariffs, 2016 73

Table 28: Renewable Energy Policy, Greece, Biomass and Biofuel, Feed-in Tariffs, 2015 74

Table 29: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariff 1, Ireland, 2015–2016 78

Table 30: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariff 2, Ireland, 2015–2016 78

Table 31: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariff 3, Ireland, 2015–2016 79

Table 32: Renewable Energy Efficiency Targets, Ireland, 2014–2020 80

Table 33: Renewable Energy Targets (%), Italy, 2020 83

Table 34: Maximum Time to Reach Operation from Registration (Months), Italy, 2016 85

Table 35: Renewable Energy Subsidy Available under SDE+ Scheme (€ and $), 2015 93

Table 36: Renewable Energy Targets (%), Netherlands, 2020 95

Table 37: Renewable Energy Quota (MWh), Norway, 2015–2035 100

Table 38: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs, Poland, 2013–2021 105

Table 39: Renewable Energy Loan Benefits, Poland, 2016 106

Table 40: Renewable Energy Targets (%), Poland, 2020 107

Table 41: Renewable Energy Targets (%), Quota Levels, Poland, 2013–2021 109

Table 42: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs, Poland, 2016 110

Table 43: Renewable Energy Feed-in-Tariffs, Portugal, 2017 115

Table 44: Renewable Energy Quota for Energy Companies (%), Romania, 2010–2020 119

Table 45: Allocation of Green Certificates , Romania, 2016 120

Table 46: Minimum Local Content Requirement (%), Russia, 2014–2020 124

Table 47: Annual Limits on Renewable Capacity Addition (MW), Russia, 2014–2020 124

Table 48: Renewable Energy Capacity Tenders, Russia 124

Table 49: Slovakia, Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs (€c/kWh and $c/kWh), From January 2017 129

Table 50: Slovakia, Renewable Energy, Biofuel Quota (%), 2016–2020 130

Table 51: Slovakia, Renewable Energy, Minimum Volume of Biodiesel in Diesel (%), 2016–2020 130

Table 52: Slovakia, Renewable Energy, Biofuel in Petrol (%), 2016–2020 130

Table 53: Renewable Energy, Slovenia, Feed-in Tariffs ($/MWh), 2017 136

Table 54: Renewable Energy Market, Sweden, Quota Obligation per MWh, 2016–2035 152

Table 55: Renewable Energy Market, Sweden, Energy Tax, 2017 153

Table 56: Renewable Energy Market, Sweden, Energy and CO2 Tax, 2017 154

Table 57: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs, Wind Energy, Switzerland, 2017 157

Table 58: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs, Solar Energy, Switzerland, 2016¬2017 158

Table 59: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs, Geothermal Energy, Switzerland, 2017 158

Table 60: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs, Hydropower, Base Payment, Switzerland, 2017 159

Table 61: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs, Hydropower, Compression Bonus, Switzerland, 2017 159

Table 62: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs, Hydropower, Hydraulic Engineering Bonus, Switzerland, 2017 160

Table 63: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs, Biomass, Base Payment, Switzerland, 2017 160

Table 64: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs, Biomass, Wood Bonus, Switzerland, 2017 161

Table 65: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs, Biomass, Agriculture Bonus, Switzerland, 2017 161

Table 66: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs, Biogas, Switzerland, 2017 161

Table 67: Turkey, Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs and Bonus (€c/kWh and $c/kWh), 2016 166

Table 68: Renewable Obligation, Technology Eligibility, UK, 2015 174

Table 69: Renewable Obligation (ROC/MWh), UK, 2009–2016 175

Table 70: Renewable Obligation Certificate Volumes (millions), UK, 2017/2018 175

Table 71: Renewable Energy, CFD First Allocation Round Results , UK, 2017 177

Table 72: Solar Power Feed-in Tariffs, UK, 2017–2018 179

Table 73: Solar Power Feed-in Tariffs ($/kWh), UK, 2015–2016 180

Table 74: Wind Power Feed-in Tariffs, UK, 2017–2018 181

Table 75: Wind Power Feed-in Tariffs ($/kWh), UK, 2015–2016 181

Table 76: Hydropower Feed-in Tariffs, UK, 2017–2018 182

Table 77: Hydropower Feed-in Tariffs, UK, 2015–2016 182

Table 78: Anaerobic Digestion and Combined Heat and Power Feed-in Tariffs, UK, 2017–2018 183

Table 79: Anaerobic Digestion and Combined Heat and Power Feed-in Tariffs ($/kWh), UK, 2015–2016 183

Table 80: Climate Change Levy ($/kWh), UK, 2014–2016 184

Table 81: Carbon Price Support Rates* for Climate Change Levy, UK, 2014–2016 184

Table 82: Wind, Feed-in Tariffs (c/kWh), Ukraine, 2016 190

Table 83: Solar Photovoltaic (PV), Feed-in Tariffs (c/kWh), Ukraine, 2016 190

Table 84: Biopower, Feed-in Tariffs (c/kWh), Ukraine, 2016 191

Table 85: Hydropower, Feed-in Tariffs (c/kWh), Ukraine, 2016 191

Table 86: Geothermal, Feed-in Tariffs (c/kWh), Ukraine, 2016 191

Table 87: Abbreviations 194

List of Figures

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